Salt March: Salt March, major nonviolent protest action in India led by Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi in March–April 1930. The march was the first act in an even-larger campaign of civil rights. Gandhi was a revolutionary man, who had great ideas and amazing thoughts. Gandhi used nonviolence, civil disobedience, and peaceful protests to drive Great Britain out of India. This has affected todays world in that, for one, India is its own country, and also, that he influenced leaders like Martin Luther King Jr., Nelson Mandela, and Cesar Chavez. If not for Gandhi, those civil rights leaders may have never done what they did and then todays world could've been even worse than it is. That would have affected me, if I had grown up with that segregation, and extreme rascism.
The discovery of Pluto was a big leap forward in science, because they used mathematic and scientific theories to locate where Pluto would be and also the mass of Pluto. The discovery of the 9th planet was huge, because this planet was special, it had a tilted orbit, that wasnt in line with the other planets. This affects me because I grew up with Pluto being a planet and then they changed it in my childhood.
The General Strike of 1926 was in the UK, and it lasted 9 days. The strike was called by The General Council of Trades Unions Council (TUC). The strike was called in an unsuccessful attempt to prevent wage reduction and worsening conditions for 1.2 million locked-out coal miners. The strike was massive, with about 1.7 million workers stepping out, especially in the transport and heavy industry. In the end, the TUC gave up in defeat and there were no major changes to the miners conditions. I chose this event not because it was a major turning point, but because it outlines the fact that conditions were so bad back then. Britain wouldn't stop the wage reductions and help the workers, even when their suffering was so obvious and so widespread. And even when 1,700,000+ people stood up for the cause, they still did nothing.
The Prohibition was first thought of by Massachusetts, in 1838 they had a 2 year ban of alcohol. In 1846, Maine did the same, and many other states did that following until the Civil War. In 1917 Congress put in the legislation for the 18th Amendment which stated that all manufacturing, transport, and sale of intoxicating liquids would be illegal. The plan was to give the states 7 years to give the mandatory amount of states to pass the law, but it only took 11 months to pass. In January 1919, the 18th Amendment was ratified. This affects me today because alcohol is a big problem in todays world. With drunk driving being the biggest cause of death, it's a large problem
On June 7th, 1905, the country of Norway dissolved the union that was forcibly placed on them with Sweden by the Treaty of Kiel in 1814. It was momentous because it was one of the only times independence was gained without any conflict or bloodshed, giving hope to people who were struggling for their independence. This affects me today because Norway and Sweden are big countries who both affect the world, and so in turn they affect me.
In the early 1900's the town of St. Pierre was known as the “Paris of the Caribbean." All of that changed when the volcano Mt. Pelee erupted in one of the largest volcanic eruptions in world history. The volcano was about 7 kilometers from the city, and 1,000 feet above it. Everyone in the city believed Pelee to be a gentle giant, aka a dormant volcano. It rumbled in 1792, and in 1851 it showered the city in ash, but other than that it was quiet. The signs of the reawakening were small but there. A few small tremors, and a couple clouds of sulfuric gas. Also, an underwater telegraph pipe collapsed and a sudden appearance of a lake. The actual eruption lasted only a few seconds, but it killed nearly 30,000 people and completely obliterated the town. This very obviously affected the world, because 30,000 people had lost their lives. It also helped scientists understand how volcanoes work and how dangerous they really are. This affects me because I have not ever even seen a volcano, and the fact that one killed 30,000 people in a matter of seconds is terrifying. 9/11 was a huge deal, with only 3,000 deaths. This mustve been a worldwide tragedy.
The RMS Titanic was a revolutionary boat. It was masive, with 7 decks, 3 engines, 46,000 horsepower, and needed 600 tons of coal per day, requiring 176 firemen working around the clock. It could carry 46,328 tons, weighed 52,000 tons, 882.5 feet long and 92.5 feet wide. The ship was deemed "unsinkable" as boasted by the constructors of the three sister ships, The Titanic, Britanic, and the Olympic. On April 10th, the RMS TItanic sailed out from Southampton, England. On April 12th the Titanic made a stop for the last time in Queensland, Ireland. Then the ship set sail towards New York Harbor, and to its doom. Late on the night of April 14th, the Titanic collided with an iceberg. At 12:30 am on April 15th the Titanic began tipping. This event affected me in that it was kind of a big historical piece of irony. It makes me think about how you may see yourself as "unsinkable", but in reality it doesn't take a ton to knock you down.
Purchase of the United States Virgin Islands, 1917. The United States decided to purchase the Virgin Islands on March 31st, 1917, for 25 million US dollars. The Islands are made up of the main three, Saint John, Saint Thomas, and Saint Croix, along with 50 other small islands adding up to a total land mass of 133,000 sq mi. This affected me because the Virgin Islands are now part of the country I live in, and now I dont need a passport to travel there.
The 17th Amendment states that all members of the State Senate are elected by popular vote. This was a big thing because it gave the people more of a voice, and it lets us have more of a role in government. It affects me because when I become old enough to vote, that means I get to have a role in my government and a voice of my own.
In 1903, the Wright brothers made their first flight. Brothers Orville and Wilbur both attempted 2 times to fly on December 17th. They both flew, and the last attempt, Wilbur flew 852 feet in under a minute. This is the first recorded flight, and because of their first airplanes, we now have modern flight. This affected me because I can now travel to any place n the world in an airplane, in a matter of hours instead of days or months.