The book posits that the current juvenile justice system contains racial disparities and child poverty is also one of the major issues. The author condemns America for making child poverty as a public policy. He argues, “America”s child poverty rate are double and triple the rates found in European countries” He concludes by requesting that something should be done by the government to tackle the systematic problems that lead to poverty and crime. The source is useful because it provides relevant information that connects to the topic
The article argues that America has the largest number of incarceration. The article states, “ America is 5% of the world population but holds 20% of incarcerated people” The article reveals that black juveniles are more likely to be incarcerated than white juveniles. However the author declares that it’s not about the difference of youth behaviors but it’s the difference of how adult respond to these behaviors. He suggests that the goal shouldn’t only be to reduce the volume and rate of incarceration but also decrease racial disparities. This source is useful because it differentiates who is more likely to be incarcerated than the other.
Cara demonstrate how America was the first country to invent the juvenile court but has the largest number of incarceration. she describes how kids are tortured are abuses by their inmates and safe guards. She argues, "in 2005 was the only country that allowed death penalty on kids, now it's the only nation that subjecting juveniles on life sentences without parole" The author argues that these children are more likely to develop mental disabilities. This source is useful because it facilitates in understanding the current juvenile justice system by explaining the origin.
Mosley begins from the era before the revolution where America followed England's common law. Children were incarcerated for status offense crimes and death penalty was allowed. More rehabilitation was made in the 19th century where kids weren’t held in the cells but did community services served in the military. The speaker affirms that the situation was different for children for color. When they were convicted they were more likely to be placed in adult prison. The speaker asserts, “Today incarcerate many children as any country in the world. 53,000 are incarcerated everyday and 60% are black and latins” The video is helpful because it provides specific information like statistics that adds credibility to his argument.
The article sights the bill passed by bipartisan leaders, the JJDPA, which main goal is to keep children out of the juvenile justice system or avoid them from being incarcerated. However, the article demonstrate some opposition from conservative leaders who support the VCO, which incarcerate juveniles who commit status offense crimes. she argues, “children who are incarcerated due to committing status offense crimes are more likely to run away from school and community, which increase the likelihood of engaging into serious and risky behaviour” The author reveals that the youth in juvenile facilities are constantly verbally, physically and sexually abused. They are forced to sleep in cells where the Ac is turned on high. She concludes by affirming that it’s torture and it reinforces the message that they are responsible for their own victimization and no one will believe them if they seek for help. This source is useful because it displays the image of the juvenile cells which compels readers to step up and advocate for changes.