The most significant philosophy in Rome was Stoicism. The basis of the philosophy was to be kind to one's community, to be tough, and to endure all situations without complaining. Stoicism has certainly had an impact on several modern philosophies, like contemporary philosophy and contemporary humanism. Also, despite their differences, Christianity shares some similarities with Stoicism. For example, Stoics feel guarded in the rational care of some intrinsic celestial force, which is similar to how Christians believe an all-loving and protective God is looking after them. I selected this article because it has a lot of information about Stoicism, its history, and its modern relevance.
The Roman Empire influenced modern society in more ways than one, but it arguably made its strongest impact in the field of law. The Romans revolutionized the world of law and government. They created an entirely new form of government, a republic, that is still being copied by nations today. One important area of influence was Roman law. Roman law developed the split between public law, where people in authority are directly involved, and private law, which concerns conflicts between people. This system is known today as Civil Law. Several defense tactics for criminals that originated in Rome are still around today, too. The concept of “innocent until proven guilty,” which is the basis for the United States ' criminal justice policy, came from Ancient Roman law. I chose this article because it discussed Roman law's influence on modern law in a descriptive and helpful way, with lots of useful facts.
The Romans produced a smorgasbord of literature in their time, including poetry, dramas, comedies, and histories. Much of it is still around today. While the Romans originally borrowed ideas from the Greeks, they were able to create their own unique literary style and legacy eventually. Ancient Roman authors influenced many writer icons through history, including Dante, Milton, and Shakespeare. In addition, many Roman poets are still well-known today; take Cicero, Tacitus, Virgil, and more. I selected this article because it shows the vast history of Roman literature and also touches on the legacy it holds today.
Nearly all civilizations speak a language, and the Romans spoke Latin. While it is not the official language of any countries today, Latin is still taught in many schools, and many English words are derived from it as well. In fact, as much as 60 percent of English words have Greek or Latin roots. In science and technology terminology, that number increases to over 90 percent. I chose this article because it contains surefire facts about just how much of our language we owe to Latin. It seemed like a good summary of the ancient Romans' language on English.
The Romans left an impressive and innovative architectural legacy behind them, so it's natural for modern architects to be inspired by Roman techniques. Even now, many years after the fall of the Roman Empire, we see columns, domes, and arches, all examples of Roman architecture, in many important buildings in the United States, such as the White House, the Federal Hall in New York, and the Jefferson Memorial. I selected this article because it shows how modern architects are inspired by Roman building techniques, and take advantage of these techniques in many important buildings.
The Romans were skilled architects, and one of their specialties was domes. Domes aren't just a thing of the past, though; you can find them in many parts of the world like India, Iran, Germany, and Russia. Some of these domes are left over from Ancient Rome, and some were built more recently. I selected this article because it shows that people still appreciate Roman architecture and utilize some of their construction ideas today.
Mosaics were not hard to come by in Ancient Rome. In fact, they were a common attribute of houses and other buildings. Luca Barberini, a modern mosaic maker located in Italy, is creating art in an art form the Romans used. He says, "It’s possible to work with an ancient technique...for contemporary art." Luca is not only proud of the intricate works of art he makes, but also his combination of ancient culture with modernism. I selected this article because it demonstrates how ancient tradition can be fused with modern culture to create art.
The Romans were exemplary artists; while they created a variety of art forms, murals were one of their specialties. Murals are still created today, and you can see quite a few around Berkeley. New ones pop up every year, and one could argue that they truly add color and character to urban neighborhoods. I selected this article because it shows examples of modern murals. I found it interesting how a present-day take on the same art form can end up so drastically different from ancient Roman murals. These modern wall paintings highlight the similarities and differences between past and present murals.