Silk was first invented in China and made into clothes. Initially silk clothes were only allowed to be worn by the Royal Family. Later on it was also used not just for clothing but canvas, fishing lines and paper. Silk is used because it is a strong fibre which is soft and smooth. To get silk you need to feed the silkworms that hatch out of eggs mulberry leaves. These worms then grown and spin a cocoon and it is this thread that we call silk. Once the cocoon is formed it is steamed and washed. The threads from the cocoon is unwound and then weaved into cloth. Remember to take the quiz and listen to the recording as well.
Wool comes from a living animal called a sheep. We use wool because it is durable, holds it shape and can insulate against the cold. To get the woo the sheep are sheared at the end of winter and this is sorted and graded by length, colour, waviness and how fine it is. After it is sent to the factory it is cleaned with detergents, and combed. It then goes to another room where other fabrics or blends might be added. Once this has been done it will be untangled and made into a smooth flat sheet, the carding process. This is then divided into strips and spun into yarn. This yarn is then woven into material.
We make a lot of things out of cotton like towels, t-shirts and bandages. The cotton plant grows in hot areas and the actually cotton is the fruit of the plant. It is harvested after 6 months of growing and is then sent to the factory (gin) to be cleaned, spun and weaved. We use cotton because it is light and strong and we can dye it different colours very easily.