The Moldovan language, technically classified as part of the Romanian language, has a complex political history surrounding its name and origin. Most scholars agree that Moldovan is essentially the same language as Romanian. On December 5, 2013, the Constitutional Court of Moldova ruled that Romanian would take the place of Moldovan as the country's official language. The historical and socio-political reasons for the ongoing debate surrounding the classification of the modern language make Moldovan an interesting point of study.Although the Moldovan language carries its own distinct linguistic label, the vast majority of linguists agree that Moldovan is technically the same language as Romanian, a Romance language derived from Latin. Four main dialects are recognized within the Romanian language: Aromanian or Macedo-Romanian, Megleno-Romanian, Istro-Romanian and Daco-Romanian. Both the form of Romanian spoken in Romania and the Moldovan language are classified as a form of Daco-Romanian, also known as Romanian Proper. Of the remaining Romanian dialects, Aromanian is the most prominent, spoken primarily in Kosovo, Bulgaria, Serbia, Albania and Greece. The other two dialects, Megleno-Romanian and Istro-Romanian, spoken in parts of northern Greece and Croatia’s Istria Peninsula respectively, are nearly extinct.
14-15th centuries - Principality of Moldova stretches roughly between Carpathian mountains and Dniester river. 16th - early 19th century - Moldovan territory disputed by several powers with the Ottoman Empire and Russia as the main rivals. Numerous wars. 1812 - Treaty of Bucharest grants Russia control of eastern Moldova or Bessarabia, the area between the River Prut and the west bank of the Dniester. The Ottoman Empire gains control of western Moldova. 1878 - Ottomans recognise independence of Romanian state including western Moldova. 1918 - Following the Bolshevik revolution in Russia, Bessarabia declares independence. Its parliament calls for union with Romania. 1920 - Treaty of Paris recognises union of Bessarabia with Romania. The Bolsheviks do not. 1924 - Moldovan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic established east of the Dniester river within Ukraine. Soviet years 1939 - Romania carved up in pact between Hitler's Germany and Stalin's USSR. Bessarabia is one of the areas to go to the USSR. 1940 - Russia annexes Bessarabia and combines it with most of the Moldovan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic to form Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic. 1941-1945 - Following Nazi attack on USSR a Romanian puppet regime is installed in Moldavian SSR but driven out shortly before the end of the war when the Soviet Union regains control. Late 1980s - Resurgence of Moldovan nationalism in the wake of the era of 'openness' introduced in the Soviet Union by Mikhail Gorbachev. Woman selling cigarettes in Chisinau Many in Europe's poorest country struggle to make ends meet 2003: Trafficking troubles poor Moldova 1989 - Romanian is reinstated as the official language. The Latin script is adopted to replace the Cyrillic script (Russian). 1990 - Moldova declares its sovereignty. The Gagauz people in the southwest declare their independence, followed by the Trans-Dniester region. The central power in Moldova annuls the declarations, but local elections are held nonetheless. 1991 - Moldova declares its independence. It joins the Commonwealth of Independent States, the successor to the Soviet Union.
In Moldova, many traditions are centuries old.It is hard to believe that the multi-ethnic character of the country still exists within the popular traditions. What’s more it has enriched them with new qualities, giving them a new color and transforming them into an original bunch of customs, rituals, and folklore present in Moldovan villages. In spite of the differences of nationalities, the people here have the most important quality – Hospitality. In Moldova every guest is received with a special warmth.The householder will always serve his guest with great Moldovan wine and with the best dishes of food. Usually, the guests are invited into the "Casa Mare" (Big Room) – a traditional room in each house where people feast together. There are a lot of holidays in Moldova and everyone can join in them. I wonder if there are jobs or traditional jobs that a woman/man would have to do.
Traditional Moldovan Food is delicious. It’s based on meat, fish, vegetables, cereals, and cheese.Centuries ago, the traditional food was influenced by Greek (when the Greeks used to have colonies near Nistru, Danube river and the Black sea) and Turkish cuisines. The food later incorporated elements from Russian, Ukrainian, Gagauzian, and Bulgarian cuisines. A Traditional and very popular dish, made especially during the holidays, is Placinte, which are pies usually stuffed with cheese (brinza), potatoes, cabbage or apples.When you are in Moldova, don’t miss the maize served with fried meat, sour cream and Moldovan cheese called brinza, which is made of sheep milk. Usually brinza is salty, but not always. Moldovans love it.You may also want to try sarmale which is made of rice, meat and vegetables rolled in cabbage leaves.I wonder if it's hard for Moldovans to get crops or plant them.
Moldova, or, as it is called officially, the Republic of Moldova, is a small country that lies in the central part of the old European continent in the northeastern Balkans, surrounded by Ukraine on the north, east and south, and separated from Romania on the west by the Prut River. The total length of the national land boundaries is 1,389 km including 939 km with Ukraine and 450 km with Romania. The country does not have a direct access to the Black Sea.Moldova occupies an area of 33,843.5 square km (2002) or about 0.3 percent of the territory of Europe. The total area of the country includes the territories of its two autonomous regions, Transnistria with 3,363.22 square km and Gagauzia with 1,848.45 square km.