1.) This visual representation exemplifies segregation and how the white community did not respect the black community. The white man in this photo has a smile on his face because he finds humor in the African Americans' non-violent demands for equal rights. However, the black man has a solemn and determined face because he knows that change will only come if he speaks out. During the Civil Rights Movement, black men and women were considered below the white community. Schools, drinking fountains, bathrooms, and buses were segregated, and black citizens did not receive the same rights as white citizens. Marches allowed black men and women to express that they wanted change and to give a sign to the world that they were fed up with how they were being treated. Often, white men and women would spit and mock the black community for speaking against against segregation. however, the desire for equal rights kept the black community marching. 2.) In To Kill a Mockingbird, Scout is rude to Walter at the dinner table because of his manners, and because she knows that his family is poor. Calpurnia explains to Scout that although Walter may not have the same background and life as Scout, she can not treat him poorly. Like the man in the photo above, in this circumstance, Scout treats Walter like he is below her. Calpurnia takes a stand by calling Scout out on her behavior to teach her the right way to treat others.
1.) The poem "I, Too" by Langston Hughes demonstrates the African Americans' determination and patience for the end of segregation and discrimination. The poem is from the point of view of a black man, however, the poem speaks about being black in America. Sentenced to eat in the kitchen when white company comes over, the man is fed up with being treated so poorly, however, he has hope for the end of segregation and discrimination, "Tomorrow, I’ll be at the table When company comes. Nobody’ll dare Say to me, “Eat in the kitchen," Then." (Hughes). The author published this poem to the world in the 1920's, during a period of race inequality, to stand up against discrimination and segregation. Langston Hughes knew that someday African Americans would have the same rights as white people, "Besides, They’ll see how beautiful I am And be ashamed—" (Hughes). The point of this poem was to show that, one day, the white community would recognize their poor behavior and that African Americans would be treated equally. 2.) In To Kill a Mockingbird the black community take a stand to support Atticus. After being defeated in trial, Atticus walks out of the court. All of the black citizens who could only sit in the balcony stand in respect, to show that they support Atticuss, even though he lost. In Maycomb, defending a black man in court was considered wrong, and by being Tom Robinson's lawyer, Atticus stands up against this idea. By standing up with respect for Atticus, the black community is also taking a stand.
1.) Martin Luther King Jr. was a motivational speaker that encouraged black men and women to stand up for their rights. Martin fought the white community with his words not violence, "King's message of change through peaceful means added to the movement's numbers and gave it its moral strength" (USHistory.org). Martin Luther King Jr. believed the only way to win the fight was to spread peace and not violence. King was greatly influenced by his family growing up her were also activists. Martin saw how his community was being treated and wanted a world where all men and women were treated equally, "The legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr. is embodied in these two simple words: equality and nonviolence" (USHistory.org). Martin Luther King Jr. took a stand to ensure that his dream of equality would live on in the future of black lives. 2.) In To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch shares a similar outlook as Martin Luther King Jr. Atticus sees that Tom Robinson is being accused of something he did not do, and because of this, it causes him to share his beliefs about equality to the jury. Atticus stresses the point that you can say black men are thieves and are liars, however, it also applies to the white race, and the human race in general.
1.) Rosa Parks was a black woman who lived through the Civil Rights Movement, and it was her actions that marked the beginning of changes throughout history. During the 1950s, buses were segregated into black and white sections. If their were not enough seats for the white citizens, the black citizens would have to give up their seats, "In Montgomery, Alabama, when a bus became full, the seats nearer the front were given to white passengers" (USHistory.org). Since Rosa was black, she was asked to give up her seat, however, she stood strong, "Are you going to stand up?” the driver named Blake demanded. Rosa Parks looked straight at him and said: “No.” Flustered, and not quite sure what to do, Blake retorted, “Well, I’m going to have you arrested.” And Parks, still sitting next to the window, replied softly, “You may do that” (USHistory.org). All it took for Rosa to stand up for her rights, was to be confronted face-to-face with her enemy. It was because of Rosa's skin that made her and the rest of the black community separate from the white. As a result, the Montgomery Bus Boycott began. 2.) In To Kill A Mockingbird, examples of taking a stand are present in Maycomb and are demonstrated throughout the text. The trial revolved around Tom Robinson who was accused of raping Mayella Ewell. Tom Robinson knew that he did not have a fair shot, however he stands up for himself because he is innocent. While being question, Tom Robinson responds, "She'd call me in, suh. Seemed like every time I passed by yonder she'd have some little somethin' for me to do-choppin' kindlin', totin' water for her" (Lee 256). Throughout the trial, every time Tom spoke, he would be told not to talk back, however, Tom Robinson knows that the did nothing wrong. Tom wanted the town to know that although Mr. Ewell is accusing him of rape, it was not his idea to go into the Ewell household in the first place.