Kawakawa is a small tree found growing from coastal areas to lowland. It is usually an important understorey species in coastal forests.
Macropiper excelsum or the maori name kawakawa is a native coastal shrub 2 - 3m tall.
Elatostema rugosum is a perennial herb that spreads by means of a fleshy horizontal stem (rhizome) which gives rise at intervals to numerous erect branches with brown to green to reddish leaves.
Kawakawa is a small tree or shrub to 4m tall with aromatic, heart-shaped leaves.
Parataniwha is a member of the nettle family. It is a herbaceous ground cover plant and is one of our very few perennials. It grows up to at 1m tall in wet shaded areas such as damp shady streamsides and gullies.
Botanists call the plant Elatostema rugosum, while the Maori name is parataniwha, or home of the taniwha.