Philip A. Payton Jr. created a real estate business which managed the houses of black tenants. Soon he began to buy homes and formed the Afro-American Realty Company. The goal was to purchase property throughout the area to be inhabited and owned by blacks. Eventually, white Americans had been replaced in the region. The stage was being set perfect for the creative New Negro movement to transpire.
Payton knew that better housing conditions for African Americans would foster more self-respect within the community. Naturally, he had to work shrewdly among whites who doubted his ability. Through his ambitions, Payton had been evicted multiple times. Though despite his own financial hardships, he sought to change the district one black family at a time. Harlem would become a center for receptive African Americans.
Various African American and African Caribbean investors purchased real estate in Harlem, supporting the growing population of blacks in positions where they could be more respected in society.
Among flourishing northern occupations, many black Americans moved north for a preferable urban life. Harlem, New York became abundant with African Americans where skin color was met with tolerance and unfamiliar sentiments could flourish.
The Harlem Renaissance helped blacks to set a higher standard for themselves as a group of people. Where Payton's friends merely criticized his ambitions, none thought he could succeed. What were once seen as shortcomings of being of African descent became a tool of empowerment for all within the community who saw themselves in a new light. In Harlem, the seeds of culture were free to bloom for the whole country to behold: newfound confidence for all.