This map shows the area that the Nez Perce lived traditionally, that is before the Europeans came and pushed them onto a reservation. Originally, different Nez Perce bands lived from NE Oregon, to Central Idaho, to some of Montana. When they were pushed out of their homeland, they decided to fight, and when they lost they had to escape to Canada. The route they took is also shown on this map. This map represents that the Nez Perce want to preserve the knowledge of the history of their original homeland, which they fought hard to save.
This is a traditional tule mat covered long house, which was a from of shelter used by the Nez Perce before the tipi. Typically, they were used for housing several families, because they were large. However, sometimes they were used to hold ceremonies. The fact that this image was on the Nez Perce's official site shows that they care about preserving their traditional living conditions.
The flag was created in 1990 when the name and logo of the tribe changed. It represents many pieces of the tribe's history and culture. For example, the man in the center of the flag is Cheif Joseph, who was a very important and influential Nez Perce leader, who contributed greatly in their fight against the U.S. for their rights to their land. Also, it says "Treaty of 1855" in the center, and 1855 was the year that the Nez Perce got their second reservation. One final example of the symbolism found in the flag is the red background. This represents the suffering and bloodshed of many Nez Perce in their fight for freedom.
Jackson Sundown was a Nez Perce war hero and skilled horseman. He started breeding and raising horses at a very early age. Then at age 14 he entered the Nez Perce War, and ended up being one of the few warriors to make it across the Canadian border. Finally, later in his life he won many rodeos and brought a lot of pride to the Nez Perce tribe and their reputation of skilled horsemanship.
This shirt is made of tan leather with a majority of blue dye on it except for the ends of the long sleeve and bottom of it. This traditional shirt has tan tassels hanging off of the sleeves and the parts of the black. There are patterns on the upper part of the back of the shirt. This shows how they would dress and how much detail they put on their clothes. It is also very well preserved, showing their value of traditions.
This is a photo of two Nez Perce men traditionally smoking meat in a handmade grill that is dome shaped over the fire where the meat is put on top. The meats they would eat were deer, elk, moose, bears (black, brown, and grizzly), mountain sheeps , goat. They also ate bison and antelope after they obtained horses to travel on. The other meats eaten were rabbits, squirrel, badgers, marmots, birds such as ducks, geese, ruffed grouse, and sage hens which are considered small game and eaten if needed. This info on their ways of food is found on the official Nez Perce website. Having it from the website by them shows that they willing to share their ways of making food.
This is an interactive website that was created by the Nez Perce tribe made to make it easier for people outside the tribe to learn about their language. It includes important Nez Perce words and phrases and an audio of how to say them. How it works is, you click on the link of the word or phrase you want to learn to say and it will take you to an audio of a tribe member saying it in their language. Click on the link provided for access to site. The existence of this website shows that the Nez Perce care about preserving their language and tradition.
One way the Nez Perce as a people expressed their feelings about events was by use of music and dance. This specific dance represents the Battle at Big Hole, which lasted two days and killed 89 Nez Perce. The song and dance both include a lot of symbolism of events in the battle. To access a video of the dance at a National Powwow, click on the link attached.
This is a translation of the Bible into the Nez Perce language. The Nez Perce converted to Christianity when Cheif Joseph was their leader. This translation was made so that the Nez Perce could read the Bible in their own language. It shows how they value their religion and want to preserve their language, making people's lives easier in the process.