1. The poem is written by someone who is experiencing the Apartheid first hand. They start off the poem by writing about how they are not white, which was very common in South Africa. The second line of the poem talks about how they believe that they non-existent which means that none recognizes them as a real person. The next lines of the poem talk about how they cannot think because no-one will listen to their opinion because they are part if the black race. They also talk about how he cannot talk his voice because no-one will believe them and they will not get their message across. The author then talks about how they can not do what they want because they are part of the black race. They are forced to do things against their own will. They then say that they are unseen and invisible. The black people were not seen as real people by the white population and they were discriminated for that. The last lines of the poem talk about how they are ¨In shades of yellow, brown and black¨ and how they are ¨that fade in the white glare¨. They are not allowed to be who they want to be and their culture does not stand out. They have to stay within the limits and cannot think out of the box. 2. Throughout To Kill A Mockingbird, the black people have been prosecuted. If you are caught staying with the black people, you will be mocked and ridiculed. Mr. Raymond has to pretend he is an alcoholic so he can spend time with them. Another example in To Kill A Mockingbird in which the black people were "Othered", was when they are in the courthouse. They are forced to sit in the balcony. They are not allowed to sit on the floor because the white people want to be segregated. The black people are also expected to lose if they are in a case. Atticus says that he expects to lose the case but he will go down trying. The black people stay separated from the white people when they are in the park and in many other public places. The segregation of the black people was also taking place in different states.
1. This signpost which was put up by the city of Durban is telling the members of the public that the bathing area is for the white population only. The sign is in two languages and the second language is Dutch because much of the white population could read English and/or Dutch. The sign was put up as part of the Bantu Self-Government Act, which stated that different races had to live in different parts of the city. In that act, there are many different sections some of which being the Beach-by Laws. Many signs like this one were put up in different public places explaining to the non-white population that they had to head to a different beach because that area was reserved for whites only. The non-white population was discriminated against because the white population believed that they were superior to the black population. The signs were put up by the National Party because they believed that the white population was superior to the blacks. If any member of a non-white race did attempt to head onto the beach, they would probably be put in jail, injured, or even killed. The National Party tried to limit the interacts between different races so they decided to separate them. The black population had done nothing wrong but they were still not allowed to visit many of their favorite places because the white population believed they were better than them. 2. In To Kill A Mockingbird, the white population is discriminating against the blacks. This is the same idea that is being represented in the sign. The white population is making sure that the black population is inferior to them. When Atticus is in the courthouse, the black people are forced to sit on the balcony, apart from everyone else. Another way in which the black people are discriminated against is that they are expected to lose the case. When Jem and Scout are asking Atticus if he thinks he will win the case, Atticus says that he thinks they will not win the case. The black people also paint a bad image on whoever is with them. Mr. Raymond is liked hanging out with the black people but he has to pretend he is an alcoholic so he wouldn't get hurt.
1. The Apartheid was an amendment that ¨called for the separate development of the different racial groups in South Africa.¨ The National Party claimed it was for racial development but in reality, it just prevented that. The white population believed that they were superior towards the blacks and the natives and therefore, they should be in a higher class. Segregation policies that were implanted before the National Party came to power remained but the difference was that the segregation policies were now part of the law. The reason for the Apartheid was ¨...lie in ideas of racial superiority and fear. Across the world, racism is influenced by the idea that one race must be superior to another. Such ideas are found in all population groups.¨ Many of the laws past made sure that the racial groups were easily identified and separated. Many educated blacks formed protest groups to help seek change. Many other parties believed that violence was the solution but their actions made the National Party create more laws against the black people. Some of the laws that the National Party created were laws that designated the areas where the black people could live. They also created laws that prevented the marriage of different races. Another law that the National Party created forced the black people to vote in different elections. They had to vote in separate elections and only had four members of Parliament. The ANC then came and helped bring attention towards the crisis in South Africa. 2. In To Kill A Mockingbird, the black people are the ones being discriminated against. They are treated unfairly and have laws against them. Scout picks fights with anyone who insults her loved ones. The more she fights, the more people pick on her. The black population also had opposition towards them. Atticus is trying to educate Maycomb's population on how to properly treat the black population.
1. The National all-white party gained power in 1948 and they began to create apartheid rules. They kept pushing the rules until they were made into law and then started enforcing them. South African governments goal was "... not only to separate South Africa’s white minority from its non-white majority, but also to separate non-whites from each other, and to divide black South Africans along tribal lines in order to decrease their political power." They removed black South Africans from areas designated as “white” communities and forced them to sell their land at extremely low prices to whites. There was resistance to the apartheid in form of peaceful protests and walkouts. Many of the resistance leaders were jailed to stop the protests but instead, it gave another reason to protest. After the police injured thousands of children, the international community placed sanctions on South Africa to force changes and it worked. One of the activists was the "ANC leader Nelson Mandela, released from prison in February 1990, worked closely with President F.W. de Klerk's government to draw up a new constitution for South Africa. After both sides made concessions, they reached agreement in 1993, and would share the Nobel Peace Prize that year for their efforts." A new party got power and created a new constitution which protects black peoples rights and gets rid of laws such as the Pass Laws and the ban on interracial marriage. 2. In both To Kill A Mockingbird and the article, the black people are the ones being ¨othered¨. When Tom Robinson goes to court, the black people are forced to sit in a balcony apart from everyone else. They are also discriminated against and expected to lose the case. Everyone in town considers Atticus strange for helping the black people in court. When a black person dies in prison, it is big news for a day or so but they consider it a normal event.