1. Pete Seeger was born on May 13, 1919. He is known for his folk music and won three Grammy Awards and a Grammy Lifetime. During much of his life, blacks did not have the same privileges as whites. Seegar campaigned for civil rights, international disarmament, and environmental activism. In 1947, he came out with a song called "We Shall Overcome". The song is about blacks overcoming the racism they faced and white people to overcoming unfounded detest for blacks. When "We Shall Overcome" was first released, blacks were "others" and did not have the same rights as whites. Pete Seegar was a strong advocate for racial equality and through his songs tried to prevent "otherness". In his song, "We'll walk hand in hand" he imagines unity. 2. In To Kill a Mockingbird, blacks face the very same injustices and "otherness" that Seegar's songs portray. When the Jury is deciding the fate of Tom Robinson, Jem is confident that Tom is going to be a free man. Sadly, Reverend Skyes reminds him of the realities, "Now don't you be so confident, Mr. Jem, I ain't ever seen any jury decide in favor of a colored man over a white man. . ." Tom Robinson's experience, and "otherness" as a black man is similar to the experiences of black men in Pete Seegar's "We Shall Overcome". In both cases, persons wirh darker skin, are viewed and judged differently than those with white skin.
1. The Klu Klux Klan is a Protestant group that believes in white supremacy, white nationalism, and is anti-immigration. It is mainly known as a hate group that targets blacks. Unknown to some, it also targets Jews, Catholics, and other minorities. The Klsn is the most prevalent in the South, but spans across the whole United States with around 5,000-8,000 members. In the 1920's it grew in popularity expanding to 4 million members when it opposed Catholic and Jewish immigration. 2. Similar to Catholics and Jews who were not deemed worthy of being a United States citizen by KKK members, the character of Miss Caroline Fisher in To Kill a Mockingbird was also deemed lesser because of where she lived. On the first day of school, Miss Fisher, Scout's new teacher, gives a brief background about where she's from. "This says I am from North Alabama, from Winston County" (Lee 21). After this introduction, the class murmurs apprehensively fearing something bad may happen based solely on where their new teacher is from.
1. During the years 1942-1945, the United States were fighting the Axis Powers Germany, Japan, and for a short period of time Italy in WWII. The United States of America joined the Allied Forces in October 7, 1941, after a Japanese bombing of a United States military base called Pearl Harbor. The following year the 32nd president of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt signed an executive order to keep Japanese Americans in internment camps to prevent espionage. This is considered one of the most sickening pieces of US history. 2. Loyal Japanese Americans were singled out and labeled as a potential threat. Like the Japanese, people of different socioeconomic classes were othered in the book To Kill a Mockingbird. Jem, Scout's brother invites a young boy from Scout's grade named Walter Cunningham to dinner. His father is a farmer who has been hit one of the hardest during the Great Depression. Walter has probably never experienced a formal dinner and has probably never had anything like candy. Not knowing proper etiquette and wanting to try something sweet he coats his dinner in molasses. In response to his actions, Scout says, “But he’s gone and drowned all his dinner in syrup,” (Lee 32). Walter is othered and separated from the rest of people by Scout when she makes a scene out of it because she has never seen anybody act so uncivilized and uncouth.
1. In Berlin, during the reign of Hitler, a German Jew is photographed with a briefcase in his right hand and on the left side, plastered to his chest is a big yellow Star of David signifying he is Jewish. This photo exemplifies the other in an enticing yet melancholy way. The man and others like him are cast out from society for being Jewish. With the star, he is marketed as inferior to the German race and even more so with the vicious propaganda portraying Jews as disgusting, uncouth, hating people. This man is not allowed to go into the same shops, excluded from citizenship, deprived of most political rights, and cannot marry a person of German blood. All of this because he has Jewish blood. 2. In To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee there are others like the man shown in the picture. One example is when Scout listens to people talking as they generalize a whole black population when she recounts people saying, "To Maycomb, Tom's death was typical. Typical of a nigger to cut and run. Typical of a n*****'s mentality to have no plan, no thought for the future, just run blind first chance he saw" (Lee 322). The people talking about Tom Robinson are calling him out and categorizing him and all blacks as inferior in mental abilities and unable to think ahead.