Obviously, poverty in America looks a lot different than poverty in other countries. Many people don't think of it that way, but in America, it's more based on the lack of basic necessities and security. We don't have mass starvation, instead we have the inability to pay bills, have a consistent source for food, and rely on imperfect government institutions.
Poverty itself is measured by income. Just because someone is poor doesn't mean that they are homeless and live on the street. Many people criticize these measure because they do not account for several things that can affect a family's income, and they haven't been updated for a long time. The numbers show that the poverty rate has obviously went down since the 60s. However, we have to look at more recent times. It's increased since the late '90s, and has been stable since. As times change, our ideas need to also.
Poverty is also a global issue, but many of the reasons for world poverty, factor into poverty in America. These include expensive healthcare, extreme drug use, corruption in government, dead money spent for military supplies, etc. Most of these come down to the way our money is used. This brings down our economy as a whole. Most of the ones to blame are right there at the top in terms of power.
Our labor markets have a huge connection between our official poverty measure. We have many assistance programs, but they don't cover the entire threshold. Poverty today also has consequences on future generation. Child poverty is much higher than poverty of the entire population. The plan is to discuss the issue early so that plans can be designed to prevent it.
Almost every developed nation has tackled poverty better than the U.S. They provide direct assistance to the people that need it the most. We have a number of programs like this, but this site suggests that we take it a step further. People in countries like France and Spain receive a lot of help from the government. If you look at the population's earning before taxes and transfers, every country has a high poverty rate. But then after taxes and transfers, America is left at a high 18% while no other country is over 14. Everyone might think this still wouldn't have an affect on our child poverty problem, bu it would actually give us the opportunity to educate more people and prevent it.