This source give us various refugee’s voices in the UK. Basirat and her 2 children lived in a room with her husband and the husband’s brother in Nigeria. The husband’s father abused them and she was powerless in the ‘house’. Their life was miserable under the roof with the husband’s brother doing cruel actions to them such as pouring boiling hot tea on them and things of such. Such cruel actions gave them a way out. “Basirat went to hospital and told someone everything,” about the most cruelty actions being done to them and soon after, she along with her children were helped to flee their country and into UK. In the UK, she applied for an asylum although the home office did not show empathy towards her situation. While awaiting the decision on her asylum application, she had no source of income due to refusal of her application for emergency financial support. Their life went downhill until the supporters helped “the family move from a damp, cold overcrowded room to a place of their own.” After being tormented for long, the family’s life is now stable, however, everything they have now earned can easily be taken from them “by a system that tries to reject refugees who flee here, without so much as a fair hearing.” This links into the novel ‘The Other Side of Truth’ as this could easily happen to Sade and Femi if they apply for an asylum. This could either go downhill or everything could turn out well like how Basirat’s family did. These children currently have no source of income nor enough money to at least get them through a week in London. I predict that Femi and Sade wouldn’t submit an asylum application anytime soon. This is because they lack the education of asylum seeking and refugees. Even if they knew how to apply for asylum, they wouldn’t know where to go for the application, since it is their first time in the city and their minds aren’t so into the idea of being in the country as their bodies are. They are overwhelmed with everything that has happened so far, and trying to take it all in. I feel like they are not in the right state of mind to think thoroughly about what to do next.
This source talks about an individual named Majid Ali that was seeking asylum in the UK while studying at the City of Glasgow College. In his asylum application to the home office, he claimed that his family was being persecuted for their political activities in Pakistan. He was then held in a detention center, later on deported. The media are viewing this issue as an awful decision to make as they are deporting Majid Ali to his death sentence. The campaigners are condemning the home office for his deportation and commenting on the disappointment they feel towards the home office. Gary Patterson wrote on twitter saying that “we must keep the spotlight on the case to ensure that he doesn’t suffer in the shadows.” This source suggests that the “UK asylum is about kicking people out”. Gordon Maloney the president of the Scottish National Union of students says that the UK refuses asylums all the time, however he has specifically looked at this case due to “overwhelming evidence” of Majid Ali’s safety at stake back in Pakistan. Gordon Maloney along with the political help from a local MP, campaigned (in 2015) against the deportation of the young man. Moreover, he continues by saying that the home office is setting a high criteria for the asylum seekers that are unrealistic, thus kicking people out of the country despise the risk of their safety. “They set criteria that can never be met, then say they’ve not been met and deport students to very uncertain future. For Majid Ali to be accepted as an asylum seeker in the UK, “he had to prove the Pakistani secret services were watching,” which was impossible. Majid Ali had been requesting asylum since 2011, but was deported in 2015. This source connects to the life of Sade and Femi from the novel ‘The Other Side of Truth’ as Majid Ali’s life is somehow like the children’s. The children’s mother was murdered by the Nigerian government just like Majid Ali’s family was also murdered by the Pakistani government. According to this source, if the children apply as asylum seekers, then they would need to prove the impossible, therefore resulting them being deported and thrown out of the country. They would need to show evidence of the mother being murdered by the government and their life being at risk. This would be very difficult to prove and not only because they are currently in London, but also because there is no concrete evidence showing that the mother was murdered by the government. The only person who witnessed the shooting was their house guard and he most likely did not see who exactly fired the gun because (referring to the book) the car raced away right after doing so. Therefore, the children applying for asylum would only make them live legally in the country until the decision of deportation is made by the home office.
This source describes the difference between an asylum seeker, refugee, refused asylum seeker and an economic migrant. An asylum seeker is an individual that “flees their homeland, arrives in another country, makes themselves known to the authorities, submits an asylum application and has a legal right to stay in the country while awaiting a decision.” A refugee is an individual that “has proven to the authorities that they would be at risk if returned to their home country, has had their claim for asylum accepted by the government and can now stay here either long-term or indefinitely.” UK currently populates approximately 118,995 refugees. This is 0.18 per cent of the total population of the UK, which is 65.1 million people. In 2016, 38,500 asylum applications were received by the home office of the UK. Fortunately for the UK, these statistics were less than those recorded for France (62,771 refugees), Germany (587,346) and Sweden (83,103). However, not all asylum applications were granted due to the difficulty of gathering all the evidence needed for the criteria of a refugee, therefore, in 2015, once the refugees’ cases had been settled, only 45 per cent of the cases were permitted. The majority of these refugees were children from South Sudan, Afghanistan and or Syria. According to the Red Cross (2017), the refugees are lawfully eligible “to bring their families over to join them” in the country. They are granted the legal right to do so because they believe that they would not be able to “access a safe and legal route to see their loved ones again.” This article connects to the novel ‘The Other Side of Truth’ as to links into the idea of Sade and Femi living in the UK. Referring to the information I acquired from this source, if the children apply as asylum seekers as soon as they land, they would lawfully stay in the country and they would no longer have to lie about who they are. These children got to London using the names of Mrs. Bankole’s children. If they apply as refugees, there would be a possibility that they can lawfully reunite with their father in the UK. I think that this is an opportunity for the father since he cannot get into the country because his passport was taken away by the Nigerian country. The children applying as refugees might bring the family back together, therefore Folarin would be escaping the risk of execution by the Nigerian government.
The terms refugee and asylum seeker are almost viewed as the same thing or idea on the eyes of people living in London, while their meanings differ from each other. An asylum seeker is an individual that flees their country and enters another legally or illegally, then submits an asylum application to the authorities. While they are awaiting for the decision to be made, they can legally stay in the country, being “supported … (by) receiving housing and financial support.” A refugee is described as an individual that is offered protection by a government’s country due to a proven risk that they would be put in when they return to their home country. In 2011, regarding the number of asylum applications and the number of applicants accepted, only about a third of all the asylum applications were accepted by the home office. The remaining thirds of the applicants that were refusals had “the right to appeal” which was making a serious or an urgent argument explaining and justifying thoroughly why they need to stay in the country. In 2015, the number of granted and refused applications both increased compared to the previous years. This is because there were more asylum seekers applicants in this year. Furthermore, 39% of the decisions were granted while “59% of initial decisions were refusals.” In 2015, the UK government accepted 1000 refugees from Syria due to the Syrian civil war. By the end of this year (2015), 1000 refugees arrived the UK, with some (252) being “resettled … under the Vulnerable Persons Relocation Scheme.” By 2020, the UK will resettle at least 20,000 Syrian refugees. The number of asylum applications received by the UK government from Syrians was 5465 between the years 2011 and 2015. 1114 out of 5465 applications were refused, 173 were accepted and 238 were dismissed. Furthermore, more than 2000 applicants were submitted by “unaccompanied asylum-seeking children.” Referring to the UK government, “an unaccompanied asylum-seeking child (is) someone under 18, or who appears to be that age but does not have the documentary evidence, applying for asylum in his or her own right with no relative or guardian in the UK.” This article connects to the novel ‘The Other Side of Truth’ because Sade and Femi will arrive in London unlawfully. They would be considered as asylum-seekers if they submit an application to the home office, therefore they would be legally allowed to stay in London whilst awaiting the decision to be made. According to this news source, the number of accepted asylum seekers isn’t as high as the number of refusals, thus making the possibility of them being accepted very low. For them to be accepted by the home office, they would need to prove that there is a risk of them getting killed by the Nigerian country due to the actions of their father, Folarin. I predict that Mrs. Bankole will leave the children at the airport because she has done the job she was paid for which was traveling with the children to London, and not take care of them when they land. When Mrs. Bankole leaves the children, they would have to apply as unaccompanied asylum seekers because they are both under the age 18 and have no relatives or guardian in the UK. They have no way to communicate with their uncle Dele in London, which makes them have no guardian or relative in the current chapter. Furthermore, their family back in Nigeria couldn’t reach uncle Dele to inform him that Femi and Sade were going to London, thus uncle Dele wouldn’t go get the children from the airport which would force them to apply as asylum seekers if they want to live in the country lawfully.