The article states how taste in music is determined by saying "All humans are born with similar brains and nervous systems... Cultural experiences are still important in shaping how a person perceives sounds ... Your brain gets tuned to the environment around it" (Zatorre). This is an important claim because this man is a neuroscientist presenting facts based on research. He supports my claim of music taste not being genectic because by having a sense of credibility and years of experience in the field, he is a more trusted source to obtain facts from instead of an average person in a blog stating their opinion. ***Skibba, Ramin. “Poor Musical Taste? Blame Your Upbringing.” Nature News, Nature Publishing Group, 13 July 2016, www.nature.com/news/poor-musical-taste-blame-your-upbringing-1.20256.
The webpage reads that an experiment with sounds had contrasting results on the three different cultures. "Bolivian city dwellers and U.S. residents preferred conventionally consonant sounds to dissonant ones, Tsimane’ did not" (McDermott). By having this study published in the article, I believe that the data means that the Bolivian and American citizens had similar exposure to the same kind of music, meaning they were both used to the consonant sounds when they were played. However, the Tsimane' culture rated both sounds as equally good. The Tsimane' haven't been exposed to the consonant sounds before, so why were they enjoyed? If it was embedded into genetics, the culture would not have liked the sound because they had never heard it before. ***Staff, Pacific Standard. “Is Musical Taste Innate?” Pacific Standard, 13 July 2016, psmag.com/news/is-musical-taste-innate.
The YouTube video describes something called the Mere Exposure Effect, which is when a person tends to enjoy an object, circumstance, sound, etc, when they have been exposed to it in the past in some way. (SciShow). By having this definition, it links to genetics and music because a person will experience the Mere Exposure effect when they hear a song. They may not appreciate it at first, but after hearing it a couple of times, it the liking for it rubs off on the individual. Genetics is not part of this phenomenon, making it only applicable to a preference based on experience instead of biology. ***Olivia Gordon. "Where Does Your Music Taste Come From? by SciShow." Online video clip. YouTube. YouTube, 22 Nov. 2016. Web. 30 Apr. 2018.
This source claims that the author shared a conversation with a friend who said that genetics is a major part of musical liking; that there are wires and connectors that make humans respond to sound in a certain way, down to the specific details (Thomson). The debate posed by the authors friend is one of the reasons why his assumption is invalid. There is no data to back-up his idea of the link between biology and sound, so it is solely based on an individual opinion. Even if there was any evidence to support the opposing side of the dispute, it would have to size up against the studied and proven research regarding the non-existent bond between music and genetics. ***Thomson, Graeme. “Is Music Taste Innate?” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 19 Sept. 2007, www.theguardian.com/music/musicblog/2007/sep/19/ismusictasteinherent.
The website describes a study involving "the listening habits of nearly 4,000 twins " (PhysOrg.com), and it should be noted that "as much as 50% of our musical taste being predetermined" (Adrian North). However, a key flaw in this investigation: the group being studied. If this study and the one of the Tsimane', American, and Bolivian citizens are compared, there is something that sets them apart. The study here only involves sets of twins from London, unlike the the other research that had multiple people of different backgrounds, not only twins. Therefore, this evidence cannot be fairly compared. If twins were solely used in this trial and the evidence proved genetic, would the same result happen on single children, widows, and step-siblings? That is one factor that must be considered. ***staff, Science X. “'Nature or Nurture' Study Reveals 'Musical Genes' (w/ Video).” Medical Research Advances and Health News, Medical Xpress, 12 Nov. 2009, medicalxpress.com/news/2009-11-nature-nurture-reveals-musical-genes.html.
The article restates the study of the Tsimane' culture as listed of above in a previous box. However another small scale research study was music and babies and how people tend to lean toward the music they heard as kids (Trehub). This is once again the same study, however it still reinforces the point of the nonexistent link of music in relation to genetics. This small scale study is also relevant to my research because it further backs up the side of the debate with another scientific experiment as opposed to the latter side who has posts based on opinion and flawed science. ***"Where your taste in music comes from." CNN Wire, 10 Aug. 2016. Global Issues In Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A460391296/OVIC?u=j084910011&sid=OVIC&xid=6bd48bb5. Accessed 2 May 2018.