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The Harlem Renaissance, as a whole, was uprooted from an impacting event known as the "Great Migration." During the "Great Migrations," millions of African Americans had moved north and west in order to avoid oppressive conditions under whites and seek greater prosperity after their Emancipation. However, upon migrating to the city of Harlem, most whites had deserted their property, giving African Americans the chance to soar through the social ladder. Succeeding with a stabilized foundation for their name within society, they brought in African American artists, singers, writers, musicians, and actors which in turn, surprisingly, attracted whites to return. Without the "Great Migration," the Harlem Renaissance would never had escalated to its peak in American History. However, because it did, thousands of whites returned to experience the revival of black culture, and at the same time, without knowing it, were uniting the country as one, rather than by living in separate colored zones.
Before the 1900s, African Americans were merely minorities who were considered as slaves and property. They were always constantly working on agricultural fields under the white supremacy. However, life changed for African Americans when they recognized their political rights and moved to urban areas, which became known as the Great Migration. From there, African Americans were able to fully express themselves through the use of jazz, a type of music characterized by improvisation and syncopation. They were able to reveal their compassion, anger, and grief to make a name for themselves within society. This, however, worked because it revolutionized American history as for the very first time, blacks and whites were united based off their interests, rather than by force. Before, Whites had put on hypocrisy faces to relay a sense of agreement when seeing blacks around their area, but now, had done it voluntarily.
For so long, blacks were overshadowed by whites simply by their skin tone. They were seen as an uncultured and indifferent group of people from the bottom of the hierarchy, but that soon changed with the rise of political leaders. For instance, Marcus Garvey, a founder of black self-determination and unity among black communities across all of the United States, Caribbean, and Africa, propelled the Civil Rights movement. He had created the Universal Negro Improvement Association to compensate and divulge that African Americans needed only assistance from themselves. They had the power and dignity to surpass the inferiority set by society. Because of this, it had challenged whites because they felt sympathetic for their harsh actions against blacks throughout history. This, in a way, pushed whites to accept black rights in order to destroy the image of a divided country. If the country were to stay divided, sooner or later, it would collapse into chaos and destruction.
One cannot forget that African American art played a huge role in shaping the Harlem Renaissance. Art, in a way, portrayed African Americans dancing, singing, playing music, or participating in other delightful movements through the use of bold colors in a distinct pattern. It basically had redefined and highlighted black power in that African Americans are not that much different compared to whites when it came down to cultural traditions. Both ethnics had both cherished the bustling lifestyle like the nightclubs in New York. In other words, art permitted the intertwining of two races together through a common interest. Not only that, African American imagery was able to be synthesized with modern art, resulting in a new innovative genre that has never been seen before. If it had not been for the usage of art by African Americans, stereotypes, before and after 1950s, will continuously remain the same. They would still be treated harshly under the black codes and Jim Crow laws.
One of the contributing factors to the Harlem Renaissance would be seen through the prolific writers. During this era, writers across the United States wanted to express their creativity on the current social condition and strengthen American culture as whole. For example, Langston Hughes had wanted to elaborate the concerns and challenges that African Americans faced in America such as from segregation in schools to work forces and highlight the dreadful conditions that African Americans had to face compared to normal Americans. Not only did he want to portray the lifestyle of blacks, but had also wanted to convey the fact that African Americans have the dignity, racial pride, and strength to be part of the America dream, the ideal that every citizen in the United States has an equal opportunity in achieving wealth. This is depicted through the poem "Life is fine," where it articulates the importance of persistence when dealing with setbacks. If it were not for the influential writers during the Harlem Renaissance, African Americans wouldn't have the courage to battle against racism and be a respected race as of right now in the 2000s. They would had never spread their African American culture and continuously be racially discriminated across the globe based off their ethnicity.