(The Mediterranean Diet food pyramid tells you what foods you should eat, and how much of each. (Hint: more fruits & vegetables, less meats & sweets.) MEDITERRANEAN DIET PYRAMID Fruits, vegetables, grains (mostly whole), olive oil, beans, nuts, legumes & seeds, herbs & spices: These ingredients form the base of the Mediterranean pyramid, and you should eat some variation of them at every meal. Fish and seafood: These are prominent elements of the Mediterranean diet, and you should consume them often—at least two times per week. Dietary data from the parts of the Mediterranean region that in the recent past enjoyed the lowest recorded rates of chronic diseases and the highest adult life expectancy are characterized by a pattern similar to the one illustrated in the list below. The healthfulness of this pattern is corroborated by more than 50 years of epidemiological and experimental nutrition research. The frequency and amounts suggested are in most cases intentionally nonspecific, since variation was considerable.