There are main five steps of the scientific method.They are Question,Hypothesize,Experiment,Analyze data,and to Conclude.For the first step you need to QUESTION or find a problem. You then need to make a hypothesis about the problem. Experiments are used to test a hypothesis.When the experiment is over you collect and analyze the the data to conclude your experiment.
Believe it or not observing and inferring are two different things! Inferences use your observations to make an educated guess about what happened. There are two types of observations.Qualitative and Quantitative.Qualitative observations use your five senses. Quantitative observations use some form of measurement.