Scotland, however small, is still powerful, with wild coastlines to sandy coves, rolling hills, towering Munros, dense forests and sparkling lochs, Scotland is home to some of the most stunning landscapes in the British Isles. Scotland is also a part of the United Kingdom (UK) and occupies the northern third of Great Britain. Scotland’s mainland shares a border with England to the south. It is home to almost 800 small islands, including the northern isles of Shetland and Orkney, the Hebrides, Arran and Skye.
Scotland is beautiful and so is it's landmarks. One of the it's most famous landmark is called the Brouch of Mousa. While there are many Brouches in Shetland, this one differs because it is one of the very few Brouches that is still completely intact. Another famous landmark in Scotland are the Cuiillin Hills. The Cuiillin Hills are beautiful but the main thing that sets them apart from any other hill is that the hill is made out of two entirely different materials. The Red Cuiilin is made out of red granite and the Black Cuiillin is made out of volcanic rock. Another great and amazing landform in Scotland is the Ben Nevis mountain. It is appealing because it is both beautiful and dangerous in its own way. A beautiful island known as the name of "Eilean Donnan" is the next landmark in this list. The island of Eilean Donnan has a beautiful and majestic castle in it that is the most photographed monument in Scotland! It's also been in many movies such as The World Is Not Enough and Highlander. And finally, the last, but not the least, on this list is the Edinburgh Castle, a beautiful castle that was used to actually intermediate anyone who would dare try to capture it.
Scotland is proud of it's cultures and traditions, and they should be. From their Highland Games to their traditional bagpipes and castles, they are a unique bunch. They are also known for their food and drinks; Scotland's national food is called "Haggis." This dish consists of the "pluck,"(the heart, liver and lungs) of sheep, and it's "minced with onion, oatmeal, suet, spices, and salt, mixed with stock, and traditionally simmered in the animal’s stomach for approximately three hours," as it states on the website. The Scottish also have something called a Ceilidh, it is usually seen in the traditional hotels and the smaller villages of Scotland, and is a "traditional Gaelic social gathering" place. It's a place where stories and tales are exchanged, songs are sung and traditional Scottish dancing takes place. A Ceilidh is an important place for the Scots, as it's a part of their culture and tradition. All in all, Scotland is a very diverse place, different from any other, with their Highland games, to their prized dish, "Haggis." They also have something called a Ceildth, a religious and important place for some and entertaining to watch for others. Scotland has many traditions that It's proud of, and rightfully so.
Scotland is known for many things, and their food and drink is one of them. Scotland is great on seafood, since its coastline is filled with sea life. Scotland is also the third major producer of Atlantic salmon. Whiskey is also one of Scotland's main drink, as it's sold in around 200 markets worldwide; whisky accounts for 80% of Scotland's food and drink export market. As you can see, Scotland is benifited from it's seafood and whiskey industries a lot, as it's one of the leading source of income for Scotland.
Scotland is a great country, and does what all great countries do, trading. Scotland trades a wide range of goods, from wave-powered generators to high fashion tweeds. This wide range attracts a lot of people, and so demand for Scottish salmon, beef and lamb is increasing too. Did you know that Scottish textiles brought names like Gore-Text into the world? It's true! Scotland is a great country, so naturally has a great trading system too.
Did you know that Scotland's National Animal is a Unicorn? It's true! Scotland takes good care of it's wildlife and nature, so it's fitting that their National Animal is a gentle and kind unicorn. Scotland has even brought back the Scottish wild cats, capercaillie sand beavers in Knapdale Forest, Argyll. Scotland also has animals like, the red deer, pine marten, otters, and a host of birds of prey, as well as sea mammals, such as dolphins, porpoises and whales. And of course, the leaping salmon in many of Scotland's fresh-water rivers. Scotland also offeres "family-friendly river and lochside strolls to long-distance waymarked routes, such as the West Highland Way and the Southern Upland Way, as well as high-level mountain hikes for the more adventurous," as it states on the website. As ranked 7th on the board for one of the best scenery in the world, Scotland does have to live up to expectations!
Scotland is a beautiful and diverse country, but how did it get to be that way? How did it start? It started from the Stone Age, 10,000 BC, where hunter-gathers hunted "fish and wild animals and gathered fruit, nuts, plants, roots and shells," (as it says on the website). Then, at 3,000 BC, the first prehistoric tools were found, along with farmers who built their first permanent homes. After that, at 800 AD, the first Vikings arrived, crossing the North Sea. The Vikings began settle in the west, the "Picts," (a name the Vikings called the hunter-gathers who lived in Scotland, because they had tattoos on their arms, hence the name Picts, Latin for picture). After that, at 1100 AD, the Kingdom of Alba started growing and became a feudal society. The Treaty of Faliaise, signed by William l, "ushered in a period of relative peace in Scotland," as it says on the website. More land was turned into farming land, and trade made the economy "flourish." In 1297, a successor crises broke out after the death of Alexander lll, and shortly after that, Edward l took advantage of that and a battle broke out between Scotland and Edward's Army. Fortunately, the Scots forced the army to retreat, so all was well. More after that, in the 1800's, Scotland became more modernized. Advancement in technology made gathering crops easier, so that's what they did. The country was no longer a rural country, as huge towns, massive factories and heavy industries took the place of a tiny town. Mining, ship building, and textiles were also very common throughout the country. In conclusion, Scottish history is very interesting to look at, it has many different time periods and has influenced what it is like today.
Scotland is great, but do you know some of these fun facts? Did you know that Scotland is made up of 700 islands? Some of these include Orkney, Shetland and the Hebrides. Did you also know that the capital of Scotland is Edinburgh, while the largest city is Glasgow? Other major cities in Scotland are Aberdeen and Dundee. Do you know that Scotland has over 300 railway stations? Or did you know that the thistle is the national flower of Scotland? Lastly, did you know that the nation animal of Scotland is a UNICORN? It's all true! But don't worry, if you didn't know any of these facts, that's fine, nor did I! I came across this website and found these facts there.