This picture shows the an agreement between Neville Chamberlain and Adolf Hitler. The Munich agreement was significant as Sudetenland was a strategic location for Czechoslovakia as most of its border defenses and banks were located there. Chamberlain made a mistake as Hitler took advantage of this and went back on his words to conquer the whole of Czechoslovakia. Hence, this policy of appeasement was a failure and Hitler went on to invade Poland and the rest of the European countries. Thus, the European democracies were responsible for WWII as they insisted on a policy of appeasement.
This article shows how the Treaty of Versailles angered the Germans due to its harsh treatments towards the Germans. Germany faced high reparations up to 2.3 trillion dollars which was almost impossible to pay. The treaty also stated the demilitarisation of Rhineland and Germany had to give up many territories to their enemies such as Alsace-Lorraine. The Germans felt humiliated and wanted a payback and gain back their former glory. Thus, the harsh treatments of the TOV changed the mindsets of the Germans and this led to them starting the war. Hence, the European democracies were responsible for WWII.
This video clip explained the roots of Nazi Ideology which involved anti-semitism and Nazism. Hitler felt that the Aryan race was the master race and superior to other races, specifically the Jews. Hitler had a irrational hatred towards the Jews and felt that they were not considered to be humans. Hitler was nationalistic and wanted to the conquer the whole world. Thus, this gave rise to Hitler's desire to rule the world and therefore, decided to conquer Europe. Hence, due to Nazi's ideology, Hitler was the one responsible for causing WWII.
This cartoon shows that appeasement was useless against Germany. When Germany had decided to go against the Treaty of Versailles, the League of Nations chose appeasement and was self-interested. They did not want to interfere with the problems of other countries as they sought to rebuild themselves after WWI. They also had problems with decision making and the lack of USA presence. LON also had no military and economic power to back them up. Hence, this allowed Germany to cause devastation without any consequences. This allowed Germany to rebuild its strengths and violate the TOV. With increased military and economic power, Therefore, the European democracies were to blame for WWII.
This cartoon shows Hitler and Stalin being married together. This shows that Germany and Russia had made a non-aggression pact called the Molotov-Ribbentrop Non-Aggression Pact. This meant that they would not attack each other during the war in Europe. This allowed Germany to declare war on Poland and other countries such as Britain and France without having to worry about the Russians declaring a war on them which would made it more difficult for them to win the war against the major powers. Therefore, this encouraged Hitler to invade Poland and make its first move to conquer Europe. Thus, Germany was responsible for World War II.
This article shows how Hitler abolished the Treaty of Versailles. In the TOV, it was stated that Germany only could have a limited amount of people in the army and no air force, submarines etc. However, Hitler decided to go against it and rebuilt the army. Militarisation of the German military forces and expansion of territories showed that Hitler was preparing for a war and made him seem like the aggressor. On top of this, he used the German's hatred towards the TOV and therefore was able to rise in power and led Germany into a war against Europe to fight back for what they had to suffer. Hitler cleverly manipulated the people to fight for him and hence gained the support of many. Hence, Hitler was responsible for WWII. Thus, World War II started due to Hitler's violation of the TOV and the hatred of the Germans.
This photograph shows an article of Germany declaring a war on Poland and invading Poland. One of the main reason was that Germany wanted to protect the Germans living in Poland as the Poles were persecuting them. Hitler sought to defend them and hence invaded Poland. In response to this act of invasion, Britain and France then declared a war on Germany so as to stop them from invading Poland and the rest of Russia. Thus, World War II started due to Hitler's invasion into Poland.
Overall, I feel that Hitler was the one mainly responsible for causing the war. If it have not been for him, Germans would not have as much hatred for the Europeans. I believe that this sense of anger was the main cause that led to Germany attacking other countries. The feelings of Germans were stirred up by Hitler on top of this, he was the one that initiated the war by invading Poland. Even though the European democracies also contributed to the cause of the war, I feel that they did not over do it and the punishments for Germany were fair. However, Hitler went overboard and wanted to take over the world. He was also a very stubborn leader and only believed that the Aryan race was the superior race. If it was not for his ideology, Germany would not be so determined to take over the war and therefore start the WWII.