There are three types of skin cancer, Basal Cell Carcinoma, Squamous Cell Carcinoma, and Melanoma. BCC is the most common, SCC is the second most common, and Melanoma is the deadliest.
Preventing skin cancer can be easy. Simply by teaching children how to be responsible in the sun is one way of reducing the risk of skin cancer.
Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) is the most common form of skin cancer, but it is also the least risky because it can be cured when caught at an early enough stage. BCC begins as small tumors which look like shiny bumps. They typically form on the face or more specifically the nose. This form of skin cancer is unlikely to travel to new parts of the body, but can spread to nearby bone and tissue underneath the skin. It is caused by UV rays from the sun or from tanning beds, meaning it is more likely to get BCC if you have pale skin.
If a patient finds a lesion which looks unhealthy, they will visit the doctor. The doctor begins with basic tests and background checks to try to rule out skin cancer, specifically Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC). After this, if BCC is still an option, a biopsy will be performed. This biopsy will test the skin and will inform the doctor and patient if they have BCC. Once diagnosed, the patient's cancer is classified into high risk or low risk. This is how doctors are able to begin the correct treatment process for BCC.
To treat Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC), there are many options. For low risk BCC, the most common treatment is Curettage and Electrodesiccation. To do this, the Tumor is scraped off with a Curette and then burned with an electrocautery needle. For bigger tumors the most successful and reliable treatment is Mohs Micrographic Surgery. This surgery removes the layers of tissue one at a time, finds the BCC in each layer until enough tissue is removed to cure the skin cancer. There are many other forms of treatments to cure BCC if these two options are not accessible for the patient, including Excisionol Surgery, Radiation, Crysurgery, Photodynamic Therapy, Laser Surgery, or Medications.
There are many ways to prevent Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC). Because BCC is caused primarily from UV rays, the easiest way to prevent it is by covering more skin. This creates a block from the sun reaching your skin. Other ways to avoid BCC is by wearing sunscreen and by simply avoiding sunburns and tanning in the sun. Not only are these ways of preventing BCC, but they can also be helpful in preventing any type of Skin cancer.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma is the second most common type of skin cancer and more than one million cases are diagnosed in the US each year. Squamous cell carcinoma originates as a growth of unusual cells located in the squamous cells in the epidermis. The growth usually look like red or yellow scaly patches, that can continue growing, crust, and bleed.
While treating SCC, there are many different approaches as how to correctly treat and remove the Cancer. One of the most common methods is through surgery. There are many different types of removal surgery such as Mohs Surgery, Curettage, and simple excision. These can work quite effectively on this type of Cancer because it is usually contained to one part of skin on the body. Other treatment methods include, radiation, photodynamic therapy, freezing and laser therapy.
Many factors can lead to the cause of SCC. Things such as physical traits, your medical history, what activities you partake in, and the amount of time you spend outdoors and in the sun.
One of the biggest factors to preventing SCC, is to always protect your skin from the suns harmful rays. Always apply sunscreen while in the sun for long periods of time, wear hats and stay out of direct sunlight for to long. Along with taking your own precautions, you should always make sure to check in with your doctor if you have any concerns.
Melanoma looks different for each individual. There are many risk factors to melanoma such as high freckle density, light hair color, light eye color, family history of melanoma, or personal history of melanoma. To see if someone has melanoma you check the skins asymmetry, boarders, color, diameter, and elevation. To help prevent melanoma you can where hats, sunscreen, long sleeves, or glasses and if you have a history of melanoma you should get regular skin checks or do self skin checks.
Melanoma growths develop when unrepaired DNA damage to skin cells trigger mutations that lead the skin cells to multiply rapidly. Melanoma often resembles moles, or develop from moles. Melanoma can be black or brown, but they can also be skin colored, or blue, red, purple, pink, or white. Melanoma kills over 10,000 people on the US annually. If melanoma is treated early it will most likely be curable. If not the cancer will grow to other parts of the body and become fatal.
Melanoma develops in the melanocyte cells that produce melanin. It can form in your eyes and rarely in your internal organs. You can increase the risk of getting melanoma by being exposed to UV radiation. Especially in women the risk of getting melanoma has increased. if detected early melanoma can be treated successfully. Melanoma can develop anywhere on your body. Its normally found on places that are exposed to the sun but it can also be found in places that are not exposed to the sin but these are typically occur with people of darker skin. Melanoma occurs when something goes wrong in the melanocytes. There are many risk factors of getting melanoma such as having fair skin, exposure to UV radiation, getting sunburn easily, having a history of melanoma, etc. The treatment for melanoma can vary depending on the stage the cancer is at. To treat melanoma you can have it surgically removed or use different types of the therapy like chemo and radiation therapy.