This website shows a simulation. The sim shows where the moon, the sun, and the earth is during a solar eclipse. The sim is very informative because it show how far away the sun is from the Earth. (during a solar the Sun is 93 thousand miles from Earth) The moon is 239 thousand miles away from Earth.
What is the difference between a solar and lunar eclipse? In this video you can remember three different ways. Way number 2, I think, is the most easy way to tell. Luna means moon in Latin. So when there is a lunar eclipse, you look at the moon. Sol, in Latin, means sun. So in a solar eclipse you look at the sun.
The website show a list of past and future solar eclipses since 1901-2050. I will still be alive by then. The last solar eclipse we had was on July 11, 1991. the next total eclipse will be August 21, 2017. Then, the next total eclipse will be April 8, 2024.
This website explains all these cool myths about the solar eclipse. The folklore, myths, and superstitions were developed when scientist first predicted the solar eclipse. One superstition was that the sun would go out and the world will end. Obviously that didn't happen as we are still here but the Chippewa shot flaming arrows in an attempt to relight the sun. Other tribes did the same thing but to scare off "the beast" that was attacking the sun. Some people think that the evil enchanter Loki was put in chains by the gods and got revenge by creating giant wolfs to eat the sun.