The longest solar eclipse will be in June 13, 2132 of a time longer than a time of 6 minutes and 55 seconds or 7 minutes. That date, June 13, 2132 will be longer than the 1991 solar eclipse which had the longest time of 6 minute and 55 seconds which will be beat on June 13, 2132 of a time that is unknown but longer than the 1991 solar eclipse.
The solar eclipse alignment is the sun then moon then the earth and the umbra is from the moon blocking the suns rays, that creates a solar eclipse but not a total solar eclipse. A total solar eclipse happens when you are in the middle of the suns rays blocked by the sun. When you are directly under or in the middle like i said it is called the penumbra.