The Choctaw was separated into 2 social groups: the Inhuluta and the Kashapa Okla. Each group had 6 to 8 clans within them and each clan had even smaller social groups. The Choctaw was a matrilineal society and women provided most of the food for the clans, as they were the majority in terms are farming. Men's jobs were to hunt, be soldiers, create stone tools, and build housing.
The social structure of the Cherokee consisted of a matrilineal kinship system which is characterized by the idea that lineage and ancestry is traced only through the women in your family. Furthermore, the people on your father's side of the family were not even considered related. Additionally, children became part of their mother's clan. Men were the farmers and hunters, and women were the rulers of society and the warriors. They led the government.
The Choctaw believed that they had first emerged from a mound called Nanih Waiya in Mississippi. The Choctaw attached boards to the heads of male infants to flatten them. Every year, they had the green corn festivals, where they celebrated the harvest and ushered in the new year.
The Cherokee believed in using all of the the parts of animals that they hunted.
The Cherokee believed in the existence of spiritual beings, so, which most relate to having an experience with during their life. They also believed that the cedar tree was pure and considered it’s wood to be sacred. The Cherokee also believe that there is karma: Good is rewarded and evil is punished. They also utilize medicine people, which help cure various diseases.
The choctaw believed in their deities, they were polytheistic. Land was divided up between the clans.
The Choctaw grew corn, pumpkins, and beans, and were some of the most skilled farmers in the region. They also hunted deer and bears, and gathered nuts and fruits, as secondary food sources. They also made shell beads and traded some of their excess crops with other tribes.
Cherokee homes reflected how they adapted to their environment. They were log cabins with roofs made of bark and a whole in the top for smoke to escape. These were materials that were found around them. When the English tried to colonize their territory they made trade agreements with them which benefited them and the English.
The Cherokee primarily grew corn, beans, and squash. The Cherokee also hunted for deer, elk, and bear. They also made pottery and wove baskets. Before the arrival of Europeans, they mostly traded among themselves.
Choctaw houses were cabins made of log or bark with mud plastered on them. They used their environment to farm a variety of crops such as corn and beans. Unlike the Cherokee, the Choctaw allied with the French and traded with them instead of the English.
The Choctaws massive and complex society was divided into three main geographic and political units. Each unit had its own non-hereditary chief and each chief was traditionally assisted in decision making by his a Speaker, a War Chief, and several of the local village chiefs. When necessary, representatives from each district would to make decisions for the Choctaw as a whole.
The Cherokee society was originally divided into seven clans as well as two units dedicated to governmental purposes, the red and the white government. The white government handled peacetime affairs and was comprised of the Chief of the tribe, prime counselors, a council of elders, a chief speaker, and a Council of Grandfathers The Red Government on the other hand was in charge during times of war and they were the ones who decided whether war would be necessary. They consisted of Great Red War Chief, The Great War Chief's Second, seven War Counselors, the Chief War Speaker, Messengers, Ceremonial Officers and War Scouts. There was also a medicine chief who would settle disputes between the Red Chief and the White Chief if they arose.