Spartan warriors wore a red wardrobe that flashed out to everyone. The red color that was chosen was to hide visible blood. If the opponents saw blood they would get hope that they were winning or wounding the Spartans. When not in battle the men would wear a chiton/doric which is like a cloak. The women would also wear a chiton/doric just like the men. The Spartans had sandals or boots that were simple and easy to make and were opened toed. The sandals and boots were crafted out of leather. Helots, slaves, dressed different from the Spartans. They wore simple clothes and had a leather cap to show that they were slaves. Overall the Spartans wore many different things depending on the task at hand.
The Spartans practiced polytheism. One god they worshiped was Zeus because he was an Olympian. Surprisingly, although the Spartans were warriors, they worshiped gods more than any other Greek civilization. Some of the most respected gods of the Spartans were the war based ones like Ares and Apollo. The Spartans were very focused on war but they had festivals based on their religion. One of their most important festival was the Hyakinthia Festival. This festival lasted for three days and celebrated Hyakinthia and Apollo. There was no such thing as a priest because it was the king that did all of that. In all, the Spartans thought about religious beliefs and gods rather than just wars.
If you were a Spartan child, you had a lot of tough work ahead. Most children that were born were left to die if they were not strong, blessed with great genetics or fast learners. To test this they put them into training to see these things. Spartan kids would live with their parents till the age of six or seven. For a girl after they left their parents they would go to school. Then they would eat, sleep and exercise at their own home. The girls would learn poetry, history, drama, reading and writing, music and art. Although they learned these skills they also had to learn to fight and had to be fit. If a mom was fit then there would be a better chance that she would give birth to healthy children. These girls would learn to fight, wrestle, and do gymnastics training. These skills would make them able to defend themselves if needed. At the age of 18 they would need to practice physical testing so they could get stronger. The boys had the same lives as the girls except that their life was all about physical education and working in the military or in an army which meant that they got no humanities in school. They trained their whole lives just so they could attack and go into war. In conclusion being a Spartan was difficult and required hard physical work even from birth.
The Spartans had many important wars of which they were victorious. However they had one critical war which was the war against the Thebes. The Thebes combined forces with the Athenians and many other opposing forces to the Spartan's government. A league got created against the Spartans called Boeotian which was run by the Thebes. Since the Spartans were angry about this they attacked the Boeotians but the war went nowhere. The Spartans signed a treaty for peace but not all members of the Boeotians league signed so the war continued until the Boeotian came on top and conquered the Spartans. The last battle of the war took place in Leuktra where the Spartans fell apart.
Spartan Children were whipped as a punishment. For example when a kid stole something, if they were caught they would be punished by being whipped until their back bled and sometimes died.
This is a weapon that the Spartans used in war. It is about 65 cm long and was held with one hand.
This is a chiton which is a red cloak that the Spartans wore in war. It covered their back and was kind of like a cape.
This was a tactic for defending and deflecting flying projectiles such as arrows. They grouped up and pointed there shields making a shell like a turtle. This was a very smart tactic that saved many Spartans from dying.