Summary: The speech I chose is the inaugural address of FDR when he first became the president of the United States in 1933. He gave this speech right in the heart of the Great Depression and when the U.S. economy was at an all time low. His main goal of his presidency was to get the United States back on track when it comes to the economy. This speech also made Americans excited for his presidency and what possible outcomes it could hold for the United States. Reflection: I personally believe FDR was thrown in to a very tough situation as the president of the United States. Of course it was his decision to run for president but I also believe the time period in with he ran for president made this job much harder. This speech was very inspiring in my opinion because I feel at this time many Americans had lost hope and this may have given them hope back. It also was very persuasive because FDR made dealing with the Great Depression his top priority as president. It also did a great job of reaching out to all different types of people including the rich, middle class, and the poor. Citation: “FDR's First Inaugural Address Declaring 'War' on the Great Depression.” National Archives and Records Administration, National Archives and Records Administration, www.archives.gov/education/lessons/fdr-inaugural.
Summary: The interview I chose is with Horace Bristol that was produced by Blackside Inc. The interview I chose is of a man that was a kid during the Great Depression. His life during 1937 was very different from his fellow Americans. Horace was a photographer and was rather successful at the time so he was unaware of the increasingly bad situations on the streets. He thought the idea of coming to “sunny California” was a scam because it was not nearly as nice as the billboards say it is. Horace lived on a farm all his life so when he was exposed to the issues of the Great Depression in California. Reflection: I personally believe this interview is a great source of information because it provides you with a insight into the lifestyle during the Great Depression. Horace did not necessarily feel first hand what the Great Depression was like and all the struggles that came with it but he still is a very reliable source. I found Horace Bristol to be a very inspirational person because he was able to succeed financially in a time that money was hard to come by. This interview was one of the more powerful sources out of the six responsible sources. Citation: “Interview with Horace Bristol for "The Great Depression".” YouTube, 4 Sept. 2013, youtu.be/wyzgaMN8eUM.
Summary: The podcast I chose is from Planet Money that discusses a diary from a man from the Great Depression. That man's name was Benjamin Roth, who was a lawyer in Youngstown Ohio. He was have issues trying to understand the Great Depression and what it means for the economy. His diary was later turned into a book and sold to many Americans. He wrote his diary throughout the entire Great Depression and kept track of it throughout his life. He would analyze the financial changes that happened that day and repeat this each and every day. He was not exactly struggling because he was a lawyer at the time and had a moderate amount of money. Reflection: I believe this podcast did a great job of sharing Benjamin Roth’s story to its listeners. I also think it is really cool how he documented the things that were happening in his life in a diary. This allows the people reading his diary to get a firsthand account of the Great Depression. I also think it is really cool how Benjamin Roth’s son is continuing his life story by writing a book about his life using his diaries. If people did not keep track of theses event by writing things down most of it would be forgotten history. I hope more people will continue to write their personal stories so they can be shared with the world after they are gone. Citation: “The Tuesday Podcast: Inside The Great Depression.” NPR, NPR, 22 Feb. 2011, www.npr.org/sections/money/2011/02/22/133967994/the-tuesday-podcast-inside-the-great-depression.
Summary: The photojournalism source I chose was taken by Margaret Bourke-White during the Great Depression in 1930’s. The photograph depicts mostly black men and women waiting in a food line in front of a giant billboard that says, “World's Highest Standard of Living”. The sign also says “There's no way like the American Way”, with a white family driving in a car. All of the members of the white family are smiling and living the so-called American dream. This is a well know photo when it comes to the time of the Great Depression and its economic issues. The image was taken right after the Ohio River Flood of 1937, which left over one million residents homeless. Reflection: I believe this photo is very moving in that it shows the struggles the American people were going through during the Great Depression. The line was also full of mostly African Americans and this made the photo even more influential because African Americans were being affected more than anyone else and needed much more financial help. The billboard contradicts what is actually happening in the photo because the description on the billboard does not explain what is actually happening. I have seen this photo before doing this research so that shows how powerful this image is and what we hope we never go back to. This really opened my eyes to the hardships these people had to go through and what a tough life they must have had even in a great country like the United States. Citation: “The Reel Foto.” Margaret Bourke-White: Depression Era Food Line, reelfoto.blogspot.com/2013/03/margaret-bourke-white-depression-era.html.
Summary: The opinion article I chose, “We’re About to Fall Behind the Great Depression”, by David Leonhardt, explains how the current economic crisis is much less severe than the Great Depression. The article discusses the possible economic issues that the United States could be facing in the upcoming years. The author believes that the economic issues are far from over and have only just begun. He also believes that some economists believe the Great Depression and the Great Recession never actually occurred. His biggest belief is that the danger of high inflation and large budget deficits is not the biggest problem and there are much larger economic problems to deal with. Reflection: I believe that this article does give valuable information in the comparison between the current economy and the economy during the Great Depression but I also believe it makes some unfair comparisons. Life during the Great Depression was much more difficult than daily life nowadays and the economy was at a much more vulnerable state. This article provides great statistics to compare the two different time periods in United States history and I believe the chart does the best job explaining the economic struggles. Citation: Leonhardt, David. “Were About to Fall Behind the Great Depression.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 12 Oct. 2017, www.nytimes.com/2017/10/12/opinion/great-depression-recession.html.
Summary: The news article I have chose is titled, “Brisk Rally Trails Stock Market Crash”, this was posted in the Eugene Guard. It discusses the stock market crash that helped start the Great Depression in America in 1929. It explains how the stock market has lost most of its value and how people invested in the stock market lost a ton of money during this time period. This article frightened many Americans because they feared the stock market would never be able to recover from this crash. Reflection: I believe articles like this one can influence people in a bad way because they will automatically think the worse. In this case, this was the worst case scenario for Americans as it sparked a economic downfall all across the United States. This article at first only affected people that were invested in the stock market but as time went along it actually affected everyone living in the United States at the time. I believe this was the biggest factor in what sparked the start of the Great Depression because it affected many Americans and a ton of money was lost. Citation: “The Great Depression: Newspaper headlines from the stock market crash (1929).” Click Americana, 1 Feb. 2018, clickamericana.com/topics/money-work/great-depression-newspaper-headlines-stock-market-crash-1929.