The landmark Supreme Court case happened four years ago today. Its impact is hard to overstate. The Citizens United ruling opened the flood gates for political funding from corporations and labor unions. It can be argued that it increased the value of money in elections, thus giving corporations and labor unions even more clout in the political process at the cost of the average voter and donor. Its effects are still felt today and will be for many years to come.
Miranda v. Arizona famously established the requirement of police officers to read suspects their "Miranda Rights". The impact of Miranda today still lingers because of the current scrutiny of coerced confession by investors. The case opened the doors to a more transparent view of how suspects are treated and how to gauge the validity of confession.
It is likely Roe v. Wade had some unintended social outcomes we are still experiencing today. Donohue and Levitt, two economists, gathered and analyzed crime today and came to the conclusion that the legalization of abortion has led to a reduction in the crime rate, first witnessed in the 1990's. Other social ill's that have been reduced by Roe v. Wade include infanticide, teenage drug use, and teenage childbearing.
The Brown decision wiped out the “separate but equal” rule, but did it accomplish its main goal? A report authored by Richard Rothstein argues that it did not. Although the ruling abolished the "separate but equal" clause, integration of education has failed. Initial school integrationgains following Brown stalled and black children are more racially and socioeconomically isolated today than at any time since data have been available.
The 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson decision led to widespread segregation through the establishment of Southern laws and social customs known as “Jim Crow.” It also established the "separate but equal" clause that essential legalized segregation. It can be argued this ruling set back civil rights for African-Americans for several generations and is a contributor to the strained race relations we see in our nation today.
Marybury v. Madison granted the Supreme Court the powers of judicial review. The court is allotted the responsibility of determining the constitutionality of laws passed before Congress. It is a cornerstone of the checks and balances system of the U.S. Government and still revenant with cases such as the review of the constitutionality of Obamacare.