Info Found: This website gave me a lot of information regarding random student drug testing. It is actually the main website that is used when schools want to implement a random student drug testing policy. One fact that I found had to deal with the cost factor of drug testing. It said that drug testing is actually a bargain, it costs about $10-20 per test. It gave different scenarios explaining the cost of testing and how schools may fund for their programs. It also said that most schools receive funding from grants, private organizations, local businesses, nonprofit foundations, and donations. It is much less expensive to use effective education and prevention techniques than it is to pay for treatment or damages to families and communities as a result of drug abuse. This website did not only focus on the money factor, it also focused on many other things. Some examples are if RSDT (Random Student Drug Testing) creates distrust, if RSDT causes students to not want to participate in extracurricular activities, if they're an invasion of privacy, and other relevant questions. Why this source is useful: This source is very useful for my speech. It outlines many questions that I need to know if I want to form a good argument for my persuasive speech. It also provided me with statistics and information on the cost factor of random student drug testing. This is useful for my speech because one of my main counterargument points is that it does not cost as much as everyone thinks it does. There are many different pieces of information in this source that I can use for different parts of my speech.
Info Found: In this article, I found the many health effects of illicit and performance enhancing drugs. It talked about what performance enhancing drugs are, why athletes take them, and what they do to a human's body. Some of the effects include severe acne, increased risk of tendinitis and tendon rupture, liver abnormalities and tumors, high blood pressure, heart and circulatory problems, aggressive behaviors, rage or violence, exc. It also talked about the other many different types of illicit drugs. It explained the effects and the reason most athletes take them. Why this source is useful: This source is very useful for a number of reasons. First, because it has the many effects that drugs can have on a human's body. If you want to try and persuade someone to stop taking drugs and tell them that schools should implement drug testing programs, which would hopefully help stop the spread of drug usage; then your audience should know what drugs do to them. It is also useful for my speech because one of my points is that drugs are harmful to you and your body. By knowing and listing all of the negative effects drugs have on your body, it proves that they are harmful to your health.
Info Found: There was a lot of new information that I learned in this article. Two pieces of information that I thought were interesting was the specific legalizations of drug testing in schools. I also found pros and cons lists of drug testing. I think it is good to have that, that way I can look at both sides of the argument. I can take some of the points on the con side and rebuttle them in my speech. I also learned that by 2008, about 16% (2,000) U.S. School districts had adopted some form of a drug testing program. Many school districts across the country continue to expand existing drug testing programs or adopt new ones using their own money. I also thought that when this article brought up D.A.R.E, it was a good thing for me. It said that historically, schools turned to prevention programs like D.A.R.E., but research shows that D.A.R.E. doesn’t work. Instead, schools have started turning towards drug testing programs. That helps backup my topic. Why this source is useful: This source is useful for many reasons. I can use it for multiple of my main points, and pull different statistics out of it. It also provides me with a pro and con list of drug testing in schools. The pro list will allow me to see what is good about it, while the con list will allow me to identify what may need some work. I can use the con list to build my rebuttal and look for why that is "wrong" or "irrelevant."
Info Found: This source gave me a lot of information to use regarding my speech. It outlined how some schools conduct drug testing, why they conduct tests, if it is legal or not, if students test positive for drugs what would happen, why test teenagers at all, how many students actually use drugs, different testing methods, which drugs can be tested for, and the accuracy of tests. For example, one statistic that stuck out to me was that 21% of 12th graders say that they've used any illicit drug other than marijuana at least once in their lifetime, and about 36% reported using marijuana in the last year. It also answered many questions that people may have about drugs. That allows me to get credible and relevant information in my speech. Answering my audience's questions they may have is very important. Why this source is useful: This source is very useful for a number of reasons. Not only does it answer many different questions an individual may have about mandatory student drug testing, but it also gives many relevant studies, facts, and information backing up their claims. I can use many different pieces of information from this source to develop my speech.
Info Found: I found a lot of useful information on this source. One piece of information that is very relevant to my speech is that students who are involved in extracurricular activities and have in-school drug testing, reported less substance abuse than students without drug testing. That one statistic right there proves that in-school drug testing works. This source also outlined a study that I could include in my speech. It talked about different schools in 7 districts that were awarded grants by the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Safe and Drug Free Schools. These grants were used to implement mandatory-random drug testing programs in 36 different high schools. The experiment involved 4,700 students and compared the substance use among the "treatment" and "control" high schools. The treatment high schools were randomly assigned to implement the drug testing program immediately; while the "control" high schools delayed implementing the program for a year. This test resulted in less drug use within the schools who implented drug testing. Why this source is Useful: This source is very useful to my speech. It proves the usefulness and effectiveness of drug testing; which will be one of my points in my speech. It also gives me a good study to base research off of. I also liked how it was from a very reliable source. It proves trustworthiness and puts ethos in my speech.
Info Found: Using this source, I found a lot of information that dealt with statistics on drug use among students; as well as statistics saying that drug testing reduces drug use in schools. For example, it said that illicit drug use is certainly prevalent among the young. It had different percentages saying the different drugs and the different age groups that abused drugs. One statistic that I found that could be very useful in my speech was that drug testing is responsible for a significant reduction in cigarette smoking among 8th grade students from 35.9% to 24.4%, alcohol use from 39.9% to 30%, and cannabis use from 18.5% to 11.8%. By saying these percentages, it logically shows that testing helped lower the individuals which used. This source also outline testing methods, problems with testing, and the consent and support of testing. Why this Source is Useful: This source is very useful for my speech. It gives me evidence and statistics that can be used to backup my point that schools should drug test student-athletes. It is a credible source that I found on my college database, so I know it is trustworthy. It also gives me logos with the statistics listed. I can use this source for my main point that many high school students partake in drug use.
Info Found: I found that in Kansas City Missouri, many athletes got involved in doping scandals. These scandals concerned the parents and coaches of the addicted athletes. To hopefully solve the scandals, three state high school associations in Texas, Illinois and New Jersey put in drug testing programs for their student-athletes. Another piece of information that I found which was very interesting was the suicide case of a 17-year old named Tyler Hooton of Plano, Texas. His suicide made concerns more widely known about high school students’ use of performance-enhancing drugs. Tyler's father lobbied lawmakers for drug-testing programs in high schools. Because of the many lobbiers and concerns, the United States Supreme Court ruled that drug testing for high school athletes was constitutional in 1995. There were also many different schools that were discussed and the results from their testing statistics. New Jersey's situation was very interesting, and proves that testing works. Why this source is Useful: This source is useful in proving that testing is beneficial for students. It's also a print source and gives me different examples of ethos, pathos, and logos; which is definitely important for this speech. I can put facts in my speech, the story of Tyler and his suicide, and verbal citations of this source in my speech. It had many reliable and relevant information I could use. It also provided some counter arguments I may use. It would help add information to my main point that there are many harmful and negative effects that drugs can have on an individual’s mind and body.