In September 480 BC at Salamis in the Saronic Gulf is when Greece faced the Persian army, although the Greeks were outnumbered they had a clever leader, Athenian general Themistocles. Themistocles had twenty years of experience as a general, and lead about 500 Persian ships into the narrow straits of Salamis, making Persian ships harder to maneuver in the more narrow space. Themistocles used the narrow straits to his advantage, even though Greeks had a fleet of about 300 triremes, they were still victorious in the end and defeated all of the Persian ships.
During the battle in the narrow straits of Salamis, Greece used fast maneuverable ships called triremes. They had bronze rams on the front that rammed into the side of large Persian ships, causing them to sink. Triremes were first invented by the Phoenicians, which were adopted by the Corinthians on Greece mainland. The triremes had thirty oars, with one person on each oar, causing the ship to move extremely fast in short amounts of time.
In the battle of Salamis, not only did Greeks use their triremes to ram into Persian ships, but they also used other techniques. They would throw large pieces of burning wood on Persian ships, to catch them on fire. On the triremes, there were about thirty rowers, ten hoplites, and four archers. The hoplites and archers supported the triremes, and helped by boarding Persian ships and killing the people on board. They had a food supply and fought near land, so being rescued was easier if their ship sunk. The Greeks were very clever, and won many battles even though they were outnumbered most of the time.
Xerxes, the Persian king, had lead one of the largest and strongest empires. After the Greeks had revolted against the Persians, he decided to conquer Greece. The first battle in Marathon was unsuccessful, and the second battle in Thermopylae was unsuccessful. After losing both battles, Xerxes became really angry at the Greeks, and wanted to wipe them out completely. After sending in a large amount of Persian ships to the Greek peninsula, Xerxes became confident that he was going to win, so he had his servants bring his chair along the war, so he could watch the Greeks be killed. Unfortunately, Xerxes watched his own army being defeated, but he luckily survived and escaped.