The economy of the Chesapeake Bay region has always been tied to the accessibility of convenient transportation for goods and people. The region's fertile soil, plentiful supplies of fresh water, and
Ekirch, A. Roger. Bound for America: The Transportation of Bound Convicts to the Colonies, 1718-1775. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.
Indentured servitude was most common during the seventeenth century, as European powers used it to bring a labor force to the New World. This site provides a lot of good information about indentured servitude throughout the colonies, including the Chesapeake, where it was the predominant form of labor until replaced by African chattel slavery after about 1670.
(Images From Adapting to a New World: English Society in the Seventeenth Century Chesapeake by James Horn. Copyright © 1994 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publi
The English failed in their first attempt to establish a colony in 1585 on Roanoke Island, one of the barrier islands off what would become North Carolina. They left little more t
Descended largely from families that arrived during the 1630s, New England was a relatively stable society settled in compact towns and villages. It never developed any staple crop for export of any