There were discriminatory laws that were passed by all Southern state governments. These laws were put in place to continue to keep the African American majority under control, which was similar to the Black Codes of the early Reconstruction period. These laws existed for about 100 years. Although the Supreme Court ruled during the Plessy vs Ferguson (1896) that separate facilities were "separate but equal". Many in our group agree that the separate part was enforced but many times the "equal" part was ignored, as shown in the image above.
The actions of various individuals, groups, and institutions during this time period created a time of conflict which in turn created change in America.
Brown v. Board of Education
The Supreme Court ruling that outlawed segregation in schools across the United States. African Americans challenged segregated schools. Oliver Brown, with the help of the NAACP, sued the Board of Education in 1951 because a local elementary school denied admission to his daughter, Linda Brown in Topeka, Kansas.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr was one of the many individuals who played a significant role during the Civil Rights Movement. Nearly 250,000 people, including 60, 000 Caucasian people participated in the rally held on the National Mall. King delivered his famous "I Have a Dream Speech". Were the voices of the people heard? Both the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the National Voting Rights Act of 1965 were passed after the march.
Many of the images from the Civil Rights Movement are still visible now, in 2018. There have been numerous rallies around the country and around the world for equality. People continue to make their voices heard about the issues that are important to them.