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The Cold War & Its Effect On The World

From 1945-1990, a period of stalemate, terror, fear and controversy took over the minds of the people as the US and the USSR fought for superiority.

The Hunt for Red October (1990)

The Hunt for Red October (1990)

Summary: For my last source, I chose the movie “The Hunt for the Red October”. This movie takes place during the height of the Cold War. In the movie, a new nuclear powered Russian submarine is made and sneaks into the coast of the US. However, the captain realizes that if the US and USSR went to war, that a nuclear holocaust would ensue. As a response, the Captain defects and stops the submarine from launching missiles at the US. However on the other side, a CIA agent believes the captain is trying to defect and helps him.
Reflection: I chose this movie because it shows the fear of a nuclear war with the US and USSR and how even the soldiers of the powers wanted to prevent it at all cost. The message of this movie is to convey the viewers that the USSR were also people too and that they also wanted peace around the world.

MLA Citation:
“The Hunt for the Red October Plot.” IMDb, IMDb.com

imdb.com
Cold War History - Cold War - HISTORY.com

Cold War History - Cold War - HISTORY.com

Summary: Also on the History channel, it gives four huge examples of the fight between the US and USSR. First, it talks about the race to space that US and USSR had. Both world powers spent billions of dollars to be the first to get a man on the moon. Second, it talks about the US’ Domino Theory. This Domino Theory was that as one country became apart of the rising communist regime, it would spread around the world. The US’ response to this was to go to war with countries that were succumbing to communist rule. This caused the Korean and Vietnam war which killed millions of people. Third, was the Cuban Missile Crisis. As Cuba joined the Communist Regime, the US feared a Soviet Nuclear arsenal was in Cuba. This caused a controversy around the world, and ended with the removal of Nuclear Bombs out of Turkey and Cuba. Lastly, is the Berlin Wall in Germany. At the end of WWII, the Allied powers split up Germany under their control. However, as the US and USSR began to fight, the Soviets put a wall up to separate the border. This caused a large controversy as the Soviets didn’t feed their citizens and the US secretly dropped food over to help them. As the Soviet Union fell, Mikhail Gorbachev ordered the Berlin Wall to be destroyed and to make Germany a single country once again. These four events outline the struggles and clashes between the US and USSR, and developed the future of the modern world.
Reflection: All four of these sources are important because the help shape the future of the world through technological advancements and how governments would run in the future. Trillions of dollars were spent over the race to nuclear, technological, and political superiority between the US and USSR that it caused almost half a century of world history to only focus on them.

MLA Citation:
History.com, A&E Television Networks

history.com
Red Scare - Cold War - HISTORY.com

Red Scare - Cold War - HISTORY.com

Summary: In this article, it talks about how during the late 1940s and 1950s, many americans were afraid of the rising communist support around the world. As a result, the US government and US society began to take action against the “Red Scare”. Business’ began to test employees’ loyalty to the US and the government began to search for spies everywhere.
Reflection: I chose this article because it gives a strong explanation on how the US felt with the growing Communist support around the world. The US government saw this and began to create propaganda to make Americans support anti-communist. It also talked about due to this propaganda, a generation of anti-communist were born, which would be used in the future; such as the Vietnam War.

MLA Citation:
History.com Staff. “Red Scare.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2010, www.history.com/topics/cold-war/red-scare.

history.com
Photography and International Conflict | Photojournalism: America at War

Photography and International Conflict | Photojournalism: America at War

Summary: In this article, it shows pictures of different parts of US history and explains them. However, one picture shows the horror of the Vietnam War, called “Reaching Out”. In the photo, it shows a wounded soldier staggering towards a dying colleague during the middle of battle. This photo help shows the US citizens at home how their friends and family were sent to their deaths in Vietnam. This photo also birthed a need for photographers to show what is actually happening in war.
Reflection: I chose this article because it shows the awful things that happened during the Vietnam War. During the height of the Cold War and the end of the Vietnam War, many americans hated the Vietnam War. This caused many to hate veterans when they came home. This article was very important at the time because it help change the minds of americans from supporting to hating the war.

MLA Citation:
“Photography and International Conflict.” UCD Institute for American Studies

photoconflict.com
Opinion | The Cold War and America’s Delusion of Victory

Opinion | The Cold War and America’s Delusion of Victory

Summary:
In this article, it explains how the USSR’s fall caused the US to go down to paths, due to the US’ status of world power. When the Soviet Union was dissolved, the entire world recognized the United States as the soul superpower. The article breaks down the two paths into two versions of America: the Clinton version & Bush version. The Clinton version was when President Bill Clinton was in office. His presidency was characterized under “prosperity” in the article. The Bush version was George W. Bush’s presidency and was characterized under “predominance”. Clinton pushed to open all markets world wide and to push for peace in America. Bush after 9/11, decided to invade and go to war with Afghanistan and Iraq, acting out of fear and anger.
Reflection: The article gave me two perspectives on the effects of the Cold War. One, it caused the world to become closer together through the sharing of the world market. On the other hand, all the Cold War paranoia stayed so when something like 9/11 happened, the US blindly went to war instead of taking the precautions the situation.

MLA Citation:
Westad, Odd Arne. “The Cold War and America's Delusion of Victory.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 28 Aug. 2017

nytimes.com
Cold war 1950-59 | Environmental history timeline

Cold war 1950-59 | Environmental history timeline

Summary:
In this article I found, it gives a timeline of the events between 1950-1959 around the world. Some important events it states are the following: President Dwight Eisenhower’s “Atoms for Peace” program, which aimed to create an international agency to create peaceful nuclear technologies. The launching of the first nuclear powered submarine, the U.S.S Nautilus. And the Soviet Union launches first rocket with dog named Laika inside. During 1950-1959, the Cold War started to begin and the US and the USSR began to compete through military technology, atomic power, and space technology.
Reflection:
This article gave me another, small perspective during the Cold War. While the US and USSR began to compete, many other things occurred in the world. Things like the United Kingdom creating the first nuclear electric power plant and the Minamata disease in Japan also affected the world. However, from what I was taught, the Cold War era only focused on the US and USSR.

MLA Citation:
“Cold war 1950-59.” Environmental history timeline

environmentalhistory.org