The Cotton Gin was invented by Eli Whitney in March of 1794. The Cotton Gin allowed cotton to be separated from its seeds more efficiently. Cotton could now be processed at a much greater pace than it had been. With cotton being processed at this rate more cotton had to be picked. The production of cotton increased demand for slaves to pick the cotton. The Cotton Gin may have made producing cotton much easier, but it raised a higher demand for slaves thus leading to more slavery in the U.S.
The Cotton Gin increased a greater demand for slaves. Due to cotton being processed much more quickly, the cotton producers wanted more slaves. Advertisements for slaves being sold told the slave owners that they could buy more slaves. Slave traders could gain more money from selling slaves and cotton producers could gain more money from the slaves picking the cotton. People wanted and needed slaves due to the Cotton Gin. Beneath this the advertisement reads, "THE undersigned wishes to purchase a large lot of NEGROES for the New Orleans market. I will pay $1200 to $1250 for No. 1 young men, and $850 to $1000 for No. 1 young women. In fact I will pay more for likely NEGROES" (Carrying Cotton)
Due to Eli Whitney's invention of the Cotton Gin, the number of slaves in that time period went up. The Cotton Gin allowed cotton to be processed much easier but there still had to be people to pick the cotton. These people were the slaves. As seen in the graph in 1790 the number of slaves were around 750,000. In 1860 the number of slaves was almost to 4,000,000! That's almost 3,250,000 more slaves in the U.S, in just 72 years. In 1790 there were only six slaves states and by 1860 there were 15. "By 1860 approximately one in three Southerners was a slave" (Eli Whitney's)
In this photograph, by Harper's New Monthly, slaves are seen carrying cotton at the end of the day usually weighing around 250 to 300 pounds. (Carrying cotton). They are carrying cotton to the gin to be processed. This was part of everyday life for these slaves. The cotton production was so demanding that they needed slaves to carry this each and every day. Notice the cattle-like formation of the slaves carrying the cotton. They are walking in a straight line four to five paces ahead of one another. This shows the dehumanizing affects slavery had on these people.