This talk discusses the nature, and nurture components that cause autism. What causes autism spectrum disorders? Many studies have suggested that genetics are the primary factor in autism risk, while others have suggested environmental factors are to blame. Research from the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm finds that genetic and and environmental factors are equal causes of autism, with each accounting for about 50% of the risk. Although some scientists criticize the research model, the study’s comprehensive results on the relative risk of autism among family members may help families make informed decisions. Assuming that this model is correct, it seems that the way in which children are brought up, has just as much impact on autism as genetics do. i therefore believe that good parenting is extremely important for a child to be brought up in a safe and warm environment. Autism is not undesirable in a person, but it can be a struggle for some parents to care for a child that is so vastly different from them. it may also be difficult for an autistic child to grow up, living their lives feeling that there is something different about them. this study just goes so show what a major role parents play in the life of a child. i believe that the privilege of being a parent should be taken very seriously, and that a parent must understand the impact that they have on their child's life.
"All Cats Have Asperger Syndrome" by Kathy Hoopmann is a lovely and simple book that promotes a better understanding of people with Asperger Syndrome (AS). It contains full colored photographs of cats on each page with an AS related caption. All of the photos and captions attempt to link some of the seemly odd behavior of people with AS or autism to some of the characteristics of cats. The book is displayed in a way that could be considered childish, but it would still be entertaining for an adult to read. Its child-like images and commentary do convey much more meaningful ideas. Such a book is perfect for educating young children on the topic of autism and Asperger’s syndrome. The simple pictures and captions make the book understandable and easy to comprehend for all readers. I believe that it would be a difficult task to explain the condition of Asperger’s syndrome to children without the aid of a book like this. The book would be highly relatable to children that love animals, and are familiar with basic characteristics of cats. It gives young children an opportunity to empathize to the behaviour of people with autism and AS, and may help them accept and befriend children that they know with this condition. In my view, this is the ideal book to educate children about Asperger’s syndrome, and will help them understand people with this condition. This type of education is vital for the growth of society in the future, and may eventually lead to the total acceptance and understanding of autistic and AS people.
"Aren't autistic people incredible?", Faith Jegede asks. The sad truth, is that most people don't agree. for the sole reason that their minds don't seem normal. And so they're often bypassed and misunderstood. Autistic people are amazing, they can retain memories from many years ago, they can be kind, and gentle, they can display unconditional love, and the list goes on. But they are still seen as cripples, disabled, invaluable. I have a cousin, named Claire, who is autistic. And sometimes she can be a real handful, yet beyond the tantrums and the frustration and the never-ending hyperactivity is something really unique: a pure and innocent nature, a little girl who sees the world without prejudice, a human who had never lied. Extraordinary. There are some things that someone like Claire can teach you, about individuality and communication and love, and I realize that these are things that I wouldn't want to change with normality. Normality overlooks the beauty that differences give us, and the fact that Claire and i are different doesn't mean that one of us is wrong. It just means that there's a different kind of right. And if I could communicate just one thing to my little, toddler cousin, Claire, when she begins to realize that she is different to others, it would be that you don't have to be normal. You can be extraordinary. Because autistic or not, the differences that we have, do not mean that Claire is any less of a person than i am. everyone has a gift inside of them, something to offer to the world, and in all honesty, the pursuit of normality is the ultimate sacrifice of potential. The chance for greatness, for progress and for change dies the moment we try to be like someone else.
An introduction to autism that aims to raise awareness among young non-autistic audiences, to stimulate understanding and acceptance in future generations. This video provides a unique take on autism, which i feel is important to share. This short film really has the ability to change one's perspective on the topic of autism. It is clear, that we are all differentand that’s wonderful! Some differences are easy to see: Height hairstyle, gender, eye colour and so on. Other differences can’t be seen: Our favourite foods, fears, special skills. Interestingly, I have have come to believe that the way we see the world is also different! The brain is your body's computer, it works differently for all of us, and controls how you learn, that's why we are all good at different things, how you feel, which is why we all feel different emotions and how you communicate. Sometimes the brain is connected in such a way that it affects the senses and how we perceive and read situations and interactions. This is known as autism. Many people have autism so it’s likely you already know someone who is autistic, and for this reason, i believe that it's useful to know a little bit about autism- in order for us to fully understand how they view their world. The special wiring inside an autistic brain can sometimes make the person good at tasks we may find difficult such as mathematics, drawing or music. It can also do the opposite and activities we find too easy are incredibly difficult to them such as making friends. The senses constantly send information to your brain about your surroundings and other people. However, when a person’s brain and its senses don’t communicate well, the brain can become overwhelmed and confused affecting how they see the world. Sadly in this situation, most times, the person can’t say out loud how they feel. So even though there’s chaos going on in their heads they seem OK on the outside, unable to ask for help. We all develop behaviours to help us feel comfortable in uncomfortable situations: We may look away, hug ourselves, chew our fingernails, fidget, bite our lips and so on. Equally, autistic people develop behaviours that help them cope with these intense moments. These actions may seem unusual but they’re just their way to feel calm. When they happen it means they are having a hard time. The kind thing to do is not to give them an even harder time by: getting cross... ignoring them... or mocking them. Remember, just because a PlayStation can’t read an Xbox game, it doesn’t mean it’s broken. People with autism need friends who are willing to take the time to know them. With good communication and plenty of patience, everyone would be better off. People with autism are not ill or broken, they simply have a unique view of the world and with a little support from their friends they might just be able to share that view with us.
“Excellent, passionate, dedicated teachers in a caring, loving environment”. This is how the Rainbow school of London describes its teachers. Rainbow School is an independent, non-profit making school for children and young people diagnosed with autism and/or related communication disorders. This school has had amazing reviews from the parents of the children that attend the school, and has been credited for the staff's kind, caring, and understanding nature. It is my opinion that this type of schooling is what an autistic child needs in order to be a contributing member of society as an adult. With the right environment, such as the one that is described at the school, a child can become a very successful and happy person. Having the support of caring individuals, like the staff, vastly increases an autistic child's ability understand the world around them and the talents within them. An occupational therapist, such as Eleni Zachmonoglou at Rainbow School, is the kind of person that can bring out the best in a child. If a teacher is able to help their students through their hardships, be there with them through their triumphs, and show them love and compassion, they can help them develop into well-functioning adults. In summary, by sending an autistic child to a school, specially curated for someone with their needs, with staff that is specially trained to understand autistic people, the child is able to become the best person they can possibly be.
Imagine being the parent, family or carer of an autistic child. Your child is screaming, spinning or making noises, and you're on the receiving end of disapproving stares or outright hostility from the annoyed. "Control your child," The Annoyed says coldly. This is the reaction that parents, and even the autistic children themselves, receive frequently from strangers, acquaintances, and even close friends. At that moment, you feel the stigma that societies around the globe attach to autism. In different ways and to different degrees, people in many countries view autism as a source of disappointment, annoyance, shame or worse. According to some researchers, stigma may even keep families from seeking a diagnosis and services for their children, from participating fully in their communities, and from enjoying the same quality of life as their neighbors. The shame and isolation experienced by people with autism and their families is similar to that experienced by others whose differences set them apart. But autism has some unique characteristics that have created an almost perfect storm for shame and rejection. In more serious forms, autism often involves "extremely disruptive antisocial behavior," wrote Australian sociologist David E. Gray.3 Some with autism may flick their fingers repeatedly, hit, scream, or hurt themselves. They may fail to make eye contact or speak. They may violate other people's personal space, causing fear and discomfort. Yet they look just like everyone else, making their behavior doubly suspicious to the uninformed. "It is this combination of pervasive disability and apparent physical normality that gives the stigma experienced by families with autistic children its unique quality," Mr. Gray wrote in 1993.3 People with autism alone usually do not have identifiable facial characteristics, such as in Down Syndrome, nor do they typically use devices such as wheelchairs or canes to alert others to the presence of a disability. As a result, their unusual behavior may be mistaken for terrible parenting, a dangerous lack of self-control, or mental illness. That may increase the burden of stigma. One Israeli study, for example, found that caregivers (mostly parents) of people with autism reported feeling more stigmatized than caregivers of people with physical or intellectual disabilities.4 In another, new study, almost all of the American and Canadian parents and scientists interviewed said they believe people with autism face stigma, according to an author, Ruth L. Fischbach PhD. People with autism are often treated as if they are stupid or insignificant. they are frowned upon, and are not understood by others. It is evident that the stigma that surrounds autistic people and their families, can be detrimental to their quality of life, and can damage the victims' self esteem and confidence. It is incredibly important to understand life from an autistic person's point of view, so that we can stop associating them with a stigma.
This article expresses the hardships of having autistic child. Often, parents of these children cannot handle their children because of their perceived differences and abnormalities. It is challenging for them to understand why their child does not act like most other children, and why they view the world in a different way to everyone else. This may cause parents to feel burdened, which often causes problems- mental and psychological. One mother expresses her distress and frustration about her child, stating that, “she has put such a burden on our family… it’s like she’s not even a person… she has never smiled at us”. It is important for people to remember that regardless of the severity of their child’s condition, they are still human beings- they are still people with feelings. They need a caring environment, where they are loved and nurtured. Some parents find their Autistic children to be a burden- a disruption to their life. But it is important to remember that no matter how strangely they perceive reality, they are people, with feelings and emotions. It is likely that they want to display this emotion, but are unable to in way that is seen as normal. Some parents understand this, but others feel frustrated, and upset by their child, and may leave them, or have an affair as a result An autistic child may seem different to other children, but, in my opinion, it is the job of the parent to recognize that their child is still a person with amazing qualities to offer the world. It is important for the child to know that they are loved, so that they have the opportunity to be the best person that they can be. Everyone is special in their own way, and for parents to recognize this, is the most amazing thing they can do. A parent's love and affection is likely, not only to improve their child's mental state, but also theirs.
Recent research has shown that those with autism can, typically, not only relate more to animals, but that animals can be beneficial for their social development. This trait of animal empathy over human empathy has become such an intrinsic part of autism that it is now used to diagnose autism spectrum disorders. This may be for several reasons. Firstly, it can be said that autistic people can relate to the thought processes of an animal, and have the ability to understand animals. This may be because of the way in which autistic people think. Professor of animal science Dr Temple Gradnin says that she often thinks in images, not language, much like an animal does. It is also true that those with autism often make strong associations to negative events, developing strange fears; the colour brown, for example, is commonly associated with negative feelings for those with autism. Finally another common factor between autistic man and animal is that fear is often the main emotion; both are often fearful of high pitched noises and become overwhelmed easily. This leads us to believe that an animal really is an autistic man's best friend. The similarities between the two, may provide a basis on which autistic people can become more confident about interaction with animals, which may eventually lead to the development of relationships with other people.