The following political cartoon simply shows the "Swing States" of the US. Winning these states means pretty much the win in the presidential race. these states gets the most attention from presidential candidates and calls for a bias to these states. Ohio, has never voted wrong since 1960's. Therefore, winning Ohio means a lot to runners. Trump won Ohio and feared everyone of his comeback win despite the predictions all saying Hillary was winning. But, as we can see, Trump won despite long the popular vote. The electoral college makes these states the most important every 4 years, and takes the highlight away from other states.
Views on the Electoral College are often partisan. There are three main reasons that people still support the electoral college. First, they claim that the electoral college protects the country from the public in case they choose a bad president. But, today, electors are partisan bound, something that our founding fathers feared would happen. Secondly, they calim that this would make runner focus on only large cities and ignore the poor. yet again another myth for two reasons. First: with the growing rural and poor areas, the poor cannot be ignored; and Second: the electoral has moved focus from rich areas to big states, and still causes a division in attention. The last argument is that it gives people an incentive mandate, which I can agree with this. I believe that it does give a quota but it is a mandate that should be fixed.
The electoral college has two fairly recognizable flaws in its purpose. First, its makes votes worth differentiate from state to state. In this video, they explain that if the electoral college is to be based on population, then you should take the 538 votes, divide it from the amount of people, and that amount should represent one vote. So if you divide the amount of people in the US to the 538 votes, it shows that for every 574,000 votes, it should be one electoral vote. This seems fair until it is noted that by this sense, California is missing 10 votes, Ohio 4, Florida 4, and etc. This is because Senators represent one full vote themselves. This gives misrepresentation+ on to all states like Rhode Island and even SD. Secondly, an issue lies within the second objective of the electoral college, and this is protective federalism. The electoral college looked to protect federalism and keep all states fair and equal. But, this has gave unequal power, as small states still have no say in the election. In a graph shown in the video, the wide gap between states visited by runners is one to be noted. LA and Chicago are visited over 60 times a running session while places like SD are rarely ever visited.
Stanford sociology professor Douglas McAdam says the electoral college, which determined this election, is an outdated system. The professor is a republican who supported Donald Trump in the elections, but believes that the system is applied wrongfully in out society. He explains how battle ram states, the half dozen states that vote either way in the elections, have votes of greater value than those of places with pure democratic or republican dominated areas. He also explains that in every other type of voting in today's society, it is based off of majority rule and have about as equal as importance as the race for the presidency. It is a system that has lost its original intent and doesn't "fit" with the status quo.
The Electoral College was founded on two ideas, to 1) Keep votes away from the population in the fear of their ignoreance and incapibility to understand politcs (Essicantly), and 2) Keep federalism in contorl. Although this may of been effective in early America, with todays society, the elctoral college dosent serve its purpose. Federalism has taken over the US and the democritc idelogy that we stand on, and secodnly, even with the electoral college, the people are still swayed and pursaded by its society. The electoral has made it so taht some state have more power than others, and in a siutiation as big as athe Presdient of the US, all sates should have equal power. Alomngside, in the days of our founding fathers public opionion coukld be swayed one way due to thge uncapbility to share information and spread ideas fast enough about all candidtes. But with how internconnected our society is, this is no longer a problem. The oronigal intent of the elctrol college is imprttical, flawed, and dosent work with achaingng world like today. Lobbying isnt solved by the electoral colege.