Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743 in Shadwell, Virginia. He was the nation's first secretary state (1789-94), he was the second vice president (1797-1801) and finally he was the third president of the United States (1801-09.) He was extremely important to US history because he also wrote the Declaration of Independence. He also was involved of in the Louisiana Purchase. He was also the minister of France as well. He is known throughout history and today because of the things did.
This is an image of the first Jeffersonian Republics' First Newspaper. This newspaper was called the Gazette and Jefferson and Madison provided many things to help with the making of this newspaper. They provided encouragement, money, and a position in Jefferson's Department of State to Freneau to establish this newspaper. Jefferson was a big supporter of this newspaper. Later, Jefferson resigned as Secretary of State which ended Freneau's (the publisher) main source of income aside from the paper. This is important to Jefferson's life because he was a supporter of this and was involved with it. This newspaper was up and running for about 2 years and it would not have worked without the help of Jefferson. Besides being president, secretary of state, and other important jobs, it is important to know what else Jefferson was involved in. I think it is interesting to also have a picture of what it looked like. Freneau would not have been able to make this without Jefferson and Madison's help.
This is an image of the Monticello. This was the house that Jefferson stayed in and owned in Charlottesville, Virginia. Jefferson began building his house in 1769 on the plantation that he inherited from his father. He located it on the hill he explored as a child. He finished the building and re-building of the Monticello in 1809 where he re-arranged some of the architecture. Jefferson spent most of his retirement at the Monticello writing and pursuing his political interests. When Jefferson died on July 4th, 1826, his tomb was put in the family cemetery at the Monticello. Jefferson's only surviving child sold the Monticello after he died for $7,000 in 1831. The Monticello is important to Jefferson's life because of a few reasons. One is that this was a place he lived and there must be many interesting things to see there. There might even be some objects or documents left from when he was alive. It is also important because that is where he retired and lived the rest of his life. Finally, it is important because his tomb is there. That is important to us today because we can study it and actually see it ourselves. There are other reasons why it is important bur I feel that these are three of the most important.
This is a painting of Jefferson's wife, Martha. She was born on October 19, 1748 at her father's plantation. Her mother died only a week after she was born. She was with Jefferson in December of 1770 but did not get married to him until January 1st, 1772. She was married to Jefferson for 10 years and bore six children. Out of these six, only two of their daughters would live until adult hood. She died in September of 1782 which was four months after the birth of her last child. Jefferson buried his wife in the graveyard at the Monticello (the house Jefferson lived in when living in Virginia.) After her death, Thomas Jefferson was involved with Sally Hemings. Sally was one of his slaves and there is no information that states if she was ever freed from slavery. She was extremely young. It was said that Sally had at least six children who are believed to be fathered by Jefferson. From the descriptions of her, it is said that she was very beautiful and mixed race. Martha is important to Jefferson's life because she was his wife. They were married for 10 years which means that she was a part. It is important to know about who Jefferson was involved with and who he was married to. Sally Hemings is equally as important because it is said that she had a 37 year relationship with Jefferson. This means she was involved in a great amount of his life. This means that they are both important to his life.
This is an image of Jefferson when he was president of the United States. He first served as Virginia legislature and the Continental Congress and was governor of Virginia during the Revolutionary War. This was from 1775-83. Later he served as the U.S. minister to France and the U.S secretary of state. He also was vice president under John Adams. In 1800, he was elected as the third president of the United States. He was president for 2 terms (1801-1809.) He promoted individual liberty but also was a slave owner. While he was president, the U.S purchased the Louisiana Territory and Lewis and Clark explored this new place. The Louisiana Purchase involved extending the boundaries of the country and establishing the belief of manifest destiny. He played a deciding role in forming the character of the American Presidency. After he left office, he retired to his Virginia plantation, the Monticello. He also helped found the University of Virginia. The reason I decided to include this picture is because it is important to know about Jefferson being president. This is a big honor and it was important to his life. Before he was president, he was also involved in many other important positions. All of these added up to Jefferson being a well-known and important person in the history of the United States. If Jefferson was not elected president, many events, including the Louisiana Purchase, would not have occurred.
This is an image of a rough draft of The Declaration of Independence. Jefferson was the main writer of this document which shows how important is was to his life. Jefferson was on a 5 person committee to write the declaration. He wrote a stunning statement of the colonists' right to rebel again the British. He wrote that all men are created equal and that they should have the rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Many revisions were made but Jefferson still retained his role in writing this important document. Jefferson was critical to some edits made on this document as well. It took him two and a half weeks to draft the declaration and worked many hours a day. He linked many ideas throughout this document and covered many different topics including, slavery, taxes, and that men should have equal rights. Jefferson was extremely proud in his role in writing the Declaration of Independence. From Tuesday July 2 through July 4 in 1819, the Congress made changes to the draft. On July 4, Congress approved the declaration and the first public reading of it was July 8th. I chose to include this image because The Declaration of Independence was so crucial and important to Jefferson's life. Without Jefferson, this document would have turned out differently and the whole process would be different. Jefferson drafted the whole declaration which makes it so important in his life.