In the article, "Great Depression: Root Causes.", The Economy provides a reasonable opinion on the actual causations of the Great Depression. Prior to the stock market crash, the government followed what they were designed to do in last resort situations, quickly fill its banks with cash so that numerous loans could be made. It wasn’t until Austria’s banks collapsed which led a train reaction to Germany, then Britain, and finally to the United States. The goal of "Great Depression: Root Causes." is to break the stereotyping for the causations for the Great Depression. This article is unique within my bibliography because each of the other sources portray an anti-government viewpoint while this states that there was nothing for the government and banks to do to save America’s economic state. "Great Depression: Root Causes." The Economist, 15 Jan. 2015, www.economist.com/books-and-arts/2015/01/15/root-causes?zid=316&ah=2f6fb672faf113fdd3b11cd1b1bf8a77.
“Brother, Can You Spare a Dime” by Yip Harburg goes over the life and thoughts of your average man or woman during the 1920s-1930s. Harburg reveals the prosperity and hope for America through the first lyric of the song, “They used to tell me I was building a dream”. However, this dream slowly fades away through lyrics such as, “Why should I be standing in line // Just waiting for bread?”. These lyrics portray a feeling of betrayal as people went from achieving their dreams, to having to wait for their most basic necessity, bread. Each group of lyrics begins as a memory of the past, most likely alluding to the roaring 20s, which is then followed by the negative alternative of it which is the present. Many Americans built up their lives during the 1920s after World War I just to see it all get stripped away from them during the Great Depression. The goal of this source is to provoke an appeal to emotion from its listeners through its comparisons between the back to back decades. This source has helped me understand the emotional toll that the Great Depression caused on those immensely affected by it. Jay Gorney. “Brother, Can You Spare a Dime”, Yip Harburg, 1930
“Migrant Mother” by Dorothea Lange depicts a mother breastfeeding her child in some type of makeshift house. This photograph really captures the hardships of parents during the Great Depression. One can only imagine her thoughts, pressures, and even guilt for bringing in life to a time period where the basic necessities of food, water, and a job are hard to come by. This source is very effective through its strong appeal to emotion within the sad look in the mother’s eyes. The image captures not only her sadness, but the anxiety and fears for her child which were also common for the entire laboring class. This source is the most emotionally-grabbing source for my bibliography and serves as a connection between the 1930s and today. MLA Citation: Dorothea Lange. “Migrant Mother”. 1936
“The 1934 Psalm” is a form of political satire poetry from the Great Depression era. The goal of this poem was to blame President FDR for the causation and then amplification of the economical misfortune of the 1930s. This source outlines the hopelessness for recovery of the American people during the depression through lines such as, “Surely unemployment and poverty shall follow me all the days of my life”. This source is most definitely effective in my bibliography as it describes the negative implications of FDR’s attempts to revive the United States. The author of this source also created this piece as one large biblical allusion to Psalm 23 in the Old Testament. This serves as a comparison of FDR to God, but instead of guiding “along right paths”, he is leading America deeper into depression. This source is very similar to political cartoons from this time period, but is more persuasively effective through its ability to give specific evidence as well as satire. The 1934 Psalm was helpful to me because it allowed me to view the Great Depression through the eyes of a struggling individual who is aware of FDR’s failure as president. Unknown. “The 1934 Psalm”, 1934, https://manuscripts.wordpress.com/2010/07/
Upon the Stock Market Crash of 1929, multiple programs were released to initiate recovery within America’s economy. However, these programs had little focus on the average citizens of America as it only benefitted large corporations and railroads. This is represented within the cartoon through the pigs labeled RAILROADS, UTILITIES, and BIG CORPORATIONS being fed in the BENEFITS OF RECOVERY box while the REST OF US labeled pig is receiving no food. John Baer’s goal in making this political cartoon was to expose the inequality in these programs. The goal of this source in my bibliography is to blatantly reveal some of the causations of the Great Depression and the responses of the public to them. This source is also very important because it, along with other satirical pieces, helped shape the New Deal programs of FDR which were less-biased. This political cartoon was very helpful for me understanding some of the causes of the Great Depression other than the obvious stock market crash. Baer, John. Recovery Package. National Railroad Union's Paper Labor. 1931.
"The Falling Off of the Marriage Market" goes over the decreasing marriage rates during the beginning of the 1930s. During the Great Depression, it was completely normal for an individual to solely focus on their family’s health and prosperity before attempting go out into the world and create their own. Because of this, many marriages never occurred due to the stress of economic despair and the fear of having children that you are unable to provide for. The goal of this article was to simply take the statistics of a decreasing marriage rate and explain it in terms of the time period. This source is unique compared to the rest of my bibliography as it uses specific evidence of the numbers of marriages and divorces from various years following the Great Depression to support its argument. Literary Digest. "The Falling Off of the Marriage Market" Whitewright Sun July 27, 1933: 2. Print.