Northerners did not welcome African Americans with open arms. Whites complained about blacks taking up employment. They found themselves segregated by practice in run down urban slums. The largest of these was Harlem.
Discusses the common issue of the 1920s of "passing" racial lines, for example, hiding one's black heritage to avoid racism and segregation. This depicts blacks would try to look white back then and did not embrace their culture. It was almost as if they were afraid to due to the consequences they would get
Jamaican-born Claude McKay published his poem ‘If We Must Die’ in response to the so-called 'Red Summer of 1919,’ when anti-black riots broke out across the United States. Many whites were against blacks migrating to the North and were not excepting.
African American music like jazz and blues became a worldwide sensation. Black singers, such as Bessie Smith, would perform at popular clubs and found themselves famous. This meant the only way blacks could get into segregated white clubs was they had to be talented. Not all blacks were famous or could play jazz music, or sing.
Blacks and tans were excluded from some nightclubs such as the Cotton Club and whites would be excluded from black clubs in order to prevent police raids
As African Americans flocked to Northern cities in the 1920s, they created a new social and cultural landscape that would change America forever.