Harlem Renaissance was a social movement that granted many African Americans a chance to articular their culture. Following the civil war, the majority decided to migrate to Northeastern area, such as Chicago and New York, to seek out new opportunities. These places also gave rise to thousands of artists who left remarkable works during the movement. For example, Langston Hughes who used Jazz music to speak up for colored people. He turned thousands of melody into beautiful poems that have been welcomed by people from different generations. Besides, using literature to spread racial message, other writers also used art to communicate. For instance, Lois Mailou Jones created paintings to expose many truthful aspects of the American Dream. In her paintings, she included the key details of the dream that had failed the expectation of many people who always wanted to find new opportunities in America. However, in fact, all they received back in this country was discrimination and oppression from the “superior race”.
As the society adapted to new changes and transformed itself into a more modern version, artists and writers had constantly created new ways to express their internal thought. Especially, African American writers whose culture and tradition flourished throughout the Harlem Renaissance. Many famous authors such as Langston Hughes had written thousands of poem to expose the inequality that colored had to endure. He had bravely accomplished something that no other writers ever before had the nerve to do. His action was the demonstration of subversion in which the author expressed his words in a rebellious and unique fashion. Besides conveying idea and messages through words, other thinkers such as Lois Mailou Jones had chosen paintings as a new method to reveal unspoken truth. For instance, in one of her famous pieces titled “Ascent from Ethiopia", she centered her audience around the movement of art from Ethiopia to the U.S, which many people thought as a ‘Golden Land' with plentiful countless opportunities. However, her art also represented the broken aspect of the American Dream for some people who had to experience racism and discrimination instead of glory and fame in this country.
The Harlem Renaissance was a movement that gave African Americans black pride and an identity as the New Negro. With a new place to express their freedom of expression and creativity, they began to redefine what equality meant to them. With a modern sense of pride, African Americans came closer to achieving their Americans Dream of acceptance and obtaining success in art, literature, and overall freedom of expression. During the roaring twenties, the authors and poets of the era depicted realistic yet modern situations that blacks went through in order to ensure they continued to work towards a goal of equality, not only socially but also politically.
Throughout the Harlem Renaissance, the writers and poets had been very influential of the Black community and even the white supporters of racial equality. These writers, that included Langston Hughes and Du Bois, had become increasingly influential to people during and after their time period. These thinkers, writers, and artists contributed to modernism and the ideal of equality as it relates to the American Dream, in the aspect of being able to provide the confidence towards the Blacks in empowering or just simply standing behind their own identities and being supportive of who they are, rather than trying to conform to societal norms. The racial equality had not been convinced several of the whites and they still faced discrimination.