Unlike the common belief that Spartan soldiers charged into battle without armor, they were smart enough to wear protective armor during battle. They wore a large bronze helmet, a breastplate, and ankle guards.
Sparta was untouched by many powerful empires and even Alexander The Great. This happened for a very good reason. Sparta may be a small city, but it has the most outrageous military of the ancient world. Infants start training at seven years old and are already being turned into muscular, hulking death machines. Sparta even encouraged fighting between children and they were even striped of their clothes and forced to make their own beds when they are only twelve years old. When they were training, it usually involved warfare, stealth, hunting, and athletics. And even when you grow up and become old and inactive, Sparta still expects you to be able to fight in the army whenever they are needed. Women also took physical training except it was to prepare for motherhood and not the military.
The Spartans had an unusual government which consists of two kings and a council of elders that restricted the kings' power. They had different classes of society with aristocrats at the top(Of course not higher than kings), the middle class called Perioeci which paid taxes except these people had no political rights, and the lowest class called the Helots which consists of slaves and were constantly rebelling against the government.
Sparta was a very brutal and strict city. Boys were taken away from their families when they were seven to be trained so they can be a part of the Spartan army, while girls were educated in a strict environment. Boys were poorly fed and were often starved. The Spartans encouraged stealing, but if the boy was caught, they would be severely punished probably in the form of whipping. Boys were even encouraged to fight each other except not out of anger towards one another. Women were also trained at a young age so they can be in great so that their babies are healthy at birth(So that they can be in the army too). A woman's physical training involved dancing and gymnastics.