The name code talkers is strongly associated with bilingual Navajo speakers specially recruited during World War II by the Marines to serve in their standard communications units in the Pacific Theater. Code talking, however, was pioneered by Cherokee and Choctaw Indians during World War I.Other Native American code talkers were deployed by the United States Army during World War II, including Lakota, Meskwaki, and Comanche soldiers.
The Code Talkers’ role in war required intelligence and bravery. They developed and memorized a special code. They endured some of the most dangerous battles and remained calm under fire. They served The Navajo Code Talkers are lauded for hastening a swift end to World War II by providing the U.S. with a dictionary of Navajo words that were transmitted by radio and telephones. The code carried sensitive information about troop movements and other imperative field operations.
The code talkers were not weapons or combat soldiers in the conventional sense. Instead, they were brought into the military for something singular only they possessed: their native tongue. The Navajo language became the central component of a new cryptographic code that proved unbreakable for decades.
In the heat of battle, it is of the utmost importance that messages are delivered and received as quickly as possible. It is even more crucial that these messages are encoded so the enemy does not know about plans in advance.During World War II, the Marine Corps used one of the thousands of languages spoken in the world to create an unbreakable code: Navajo.
While World War II was being fought on the battlefields, another war was taking place behind the scenes -- the struggle to create a secret code that could not be deciphered by the enemy.Rewind to the early years of World War II. The US was dragged into the war after Japan's bold and ruthless attack on Pearl Harbor
The first known use of Native Americans in the American military to transmit messages under fire was a group of Cherokee troops used by the American 30th Infantry Division serving alongside the British during the Second Battle of the Somme. According to the Division Signal Officer, this took place in September 1918. Their unit was under British command at the time.
The Institute of Texan Cultures is opening an exhibition called "Native Words, Native Warriors" on an obscure part of recent American history. In World War I and II, American forces needed to communicate secrets to one another. The problem was the enemy understood their language.
Their work was celebrated in the 2002 movie "Windtalkers." Last November, the American Veterans Center honored Nez for bravery and valor above and beyond the call of duty, awarding him the Audie Murphy Award for distinguished service. "I was very proud to say that the Japanese did everything in their power to break that code but they never did," Nez said in an interview with the Stars and Stripes newspaper the day before receiving the award. Chester Nez also was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal.
The Navajos' skill, speed and accuracy under fire in ferocious battles from the Marshall Islands to Iwo Jima is credited with saving thousands of U.S. servicemen's lives and helping shorten the conflict. Their work was celebrated in the 2002 movie "Windtalkers." Last November, the American Veterans Center honored Nez for bravery and valor above and beyond the call of duty, awarding him the Audie Murphy Award for distinguished service.
Code talkers transmitted these messages over military telephone or radio communications nets using formal or informally developed codes built upon their native Languages. Their service improved the speed of encryption of communications at both ends in front line operations during World War II.During World War I, company commander Captain Lawrence of the U.S. Army overheard Solomon Louis and Mitchell Bobb conversing in the Choctaw language.
Ernest Yazhe Another Navajo Code Talker has fallen. Flags on the Navajo Nation will fly at half-staff from January 19 to January 22 in honor of Ernest Yazhe, 92.“The Navajo language was the secret weapon that brought victory to the Allied Forces and ended the war in the Pacific.”
Code talkers are people in the 20th century who used obscure languages as a means of secret communication during wartime. Code talkers are people in the 20th century who used obscure languages as a means of secret communication during wartime. The term is now usually associated with the United States soldiers during the world wars who used their knowledge of Native American languages as a basis to transmit coded messages.
CODE TALKERS "At the same time I was hearing about Navajo code talkers for the first time I was also hearing about their neighbors, the Zuni. "The Marine Corps felt the Navajo language would be more secure for several reasons: the language was virtually unknown outside the Navajo nation, it was unwritten, and it was so complex, involving tonal inflections, that it was difficult to learn as an adult. The original 29 recruits began training in May 1942. Over the course of the war, approximately 400 Navajos (and one Caucasian) became part of this very successful code talking program.