1. In the image above, the inequality of segregation is demonstrated perfectly. The picture illustrates two different water fountains in a public area. One water fountain is for white people and another is for colored people. The water fountains are clearly very different in many ways that benefit the white people an give a disadvantage to black people. First, the water fountain for the white people is higher up which allows easier access when drinking. The water fountain for black people is lower which makes is harder to drink out of. Second, the water fountain for the black people is shoved into a hard-to-reach corner which makes it extremely difficult to drink out of. On the other hand, the water fountain for white people is father out that the other water fountain and is in a better location. Although there are many differences the one that is the most sicking to see is the quality difference. The water fountain for white people is much larger and nicer looking but also looks like the water would be cooled and refreshing. As opposed to the water fountain for black people which is small and looks very dirty and the water that comes out of it seems like it would be of poor quality. 2. The picture correlates to the novel To Kill a Mockingbird because of the poor treatment of black people through segregation. Characters, Jem and Scout, travel with their black housekeeper Calpurnia to her church. In their town there are segregated churches for black and white people. Jem and Scout have only been to the white church and they are shocked when they see how different the two churches are. Similar to the water fountains, the main difference of the churches is the quality. In the church that Jem and Scout go to, each person receives their own bible to read and songs to sing. At the black church there is only one bible and they all repeat the words and songs after the one person with the book and who knows how to read. The churches and water fountains are only two examples of cruel segregation. There are many more instances where black people's quality of life is much lower that white people's. Some examples include busses, restaurants, and jobs, all of which are not segregated today.
1. Former First Lady, Michelle Obama, was always bright and happy on camera and at events but she also struggled deeply with racist remarks. Michelle Obama was the first First Lady of color and had many great moments in her eight years of holding the title. At the same time she also struggled internally with racist attacks she would get due to the color of her skin. Michelle was interviewed by Lauren Casteel and during the interview she, "Mentioned the racist attacks she endured while in office, including being called an 'ape in heels'" (Cooney). Michelle tried to push forward past the hurtful attacks and tried to continue to better our country. At the end of her eight years she said, "There are still people who won’t see me for what I am because of my skin color" (Cooney). After years of working so hard to improve the lives of U.S citizens some people still did not take her seriously because she is black. Michelle has tried to battle the people who say racist things about her but she is still called out for her skin color and cannot be accepted as the First Lady by the small minded of America. 2. The same racism affecting Michelle Obama's life also affects characters in Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird. In the novel a black man named Tom Robinson was accused of rape and sent to trial. At the trial there was evidence supporting the fact the he was innocent and that the accusations were false but the jury did not care. The jury saw the color of his skin and could not move past it to see his pure and innocent heart. Tom was sent to prison for a crime he did not commit just because he is black. Michelle Obama is also pure and innocent but prejudged by many Americans as a worthless human because she is black. All of Tom and Michelle Obama's good deeds are nothing to the petty, narrow-minded humans who can't wrap their heads around the fact that black people are the same as any other white person with the exception of their skin color. They still have the same values and morals as white people but they are still narrowed out and accused of terrible things.
1. During the Civil War black volunteers were ready to help fight for their beloved country but were turned away from fulfilling that dream due to a federal law that banned black people from bearing arms for the U.S Army. Volunteers were disappointed at first but their hopes were restored when, "General John C. Frémont issued a proclamation in Missouri emancipating the slaves in the region and allowing them to enlist" (National Archives). The same was done in South Carolina but the General's were put under fire by their superiors and the order was taken back. However in the 1860's the number of white volunteers declined and because of that, "Congress passed the Second Confiscation and Militia Act, freeing slaves who had masters in the Confederate Army. Two days later, slavery was abolished in the territories of the United States. After the Union Army turned back the Confederate invasion of the North at Antietam, Maryland, President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. This executive order freed all of the slaves in the South" (National Archives). The number of white soldiers was slowly declining and the army needed more participants which evoked Congress to allow black men into the army. Black men greatly helped the U.S Army succeed but they were still harassed and racially prejudiced. The black soldiers were paid almost half of what white soldiers were paid but they were also discriminated against with physical violence. Although it was illegal, "Black captives were typically treated more harshly than white captives. In perhaps the most evil known example of abuse, Confederate soldiers shot to death black Union soldiers [who were] captured" (National Archives). The black men were treated more harsh as they were seen worthless to Confederate soldiers. 2. In To Kill a Mockingbird the same racial prejudice is shown when Bob Ewell constantly harasses Helen Robinson on her way to work. Mr. Ewell sent Helen's husband Tom to trial and accused him of rape although he was innocent. Tom was prejudiced by the jury and ruled guilty even though there was evidence suggesting Tom's innocence. After the trial ended Tom was sent to prison where he tried to escape and was shot dead. Helen was devastated but continued to push through and go to work every day. Unfortunately on her way to work Mr. Ewell whispers obscenities to Helen and treats her as a worthless human being. Helen is most likely a wonderful women who does not deserve the harassment. This relates to the black soldiers who do not deserve to be shot and punished severely due to their race. Both Helen Robinson and the black soldiers were othered by their enemies and hurt because of their skin color.
1. Jesús Colón was a Puerto Rican man of African descent who moved to Brooklyn at age 16. He wrote about his experiences as a black man in America. In this passage he tells about a time on a subway around 1955. On this subway he saw a young white women with two young children, a baby and a suitcase in hand. The women was preparing to get off at Atlantic, the same stop as Colón. He knew that she would benefit from some assistance exiting the subway station but because of the color of his skin Colón was afraid to offer his help. In at this time black people were prejudiced as horrible and disgusting humans. Colón feared that if he were to approach the women she would scream and take if offer as something terrible. Instead of helping he, "pushed by her like [he] saw nothing as if [he] were insensitive to her needs" (Colón 1). 2. In To Kill a Mockingbird racism and prejudice are apparent throughout the novel. Jesús Colón's experience on the subway relates to Tom Robinson in the novel. Tom is a black man who was taken advantage of by Mayela Ewell. Mayela brought Tom into her house then accused him or rape when her father saw Mayela try to kiss Tom. In trial Tom was prejudiced by the jury and town when he was ruled guilty and sent to prison for a crime he did not commit. Jesús Colón was affraid he would be accused of bad things if he tried to help an overwhelmed young lady. Jesús Colón's and Tom Robinson's race affected their lives so deeply that they were both afraid of little things that were supposed to do good, such as offering a helping hand on the subway. These two men are not the only examples of prejudice due to skin color; thousands of people across the world suffered from this in the 1900s especially in America. A lot of people think that today we have overcome racism in society but unfortunately we have not. Racism is an issue that has been going on for way too long and needs to end with the help of people just like you.