Apartheid, apart-ness, separation, discrimination, segregation. We in America were going though very similar events as South Africa, pushing for change from this segregation, Civil Rights for us American's was South Africa's fright against apartheid. People would protest as whites began to be frightened by what trouble they thought blacks would cause. The white were afraid of being the minority due to the system they set, they saw the social inequality this system set and they were afraid of receiving them same treatment. Reverse racism would be the term they would use to describe this fear. In order to try and appease the blacks and natives of South Africa the white rulers (presidents etc.) started placing mixed raced or fair skinned black people in positions in the government but not positions with power. Being placed in a system of such inequality would soon have to come to an end thanks to people who continuously worked to fight for the rights of the majority.
Suzanne Ackerman-Berman works to this day to eliminate the social and economic injustices created in South Africa during Apartheid. She is just a minor example that not all whites agreed with the system of inequality in South Africa. In the book Cry, The Beloved Country, Arthur Jarvis acts as Suzanne does, he wants to change the system to one of justice before he is killed by Absolom Kumalo. Absolom Kumalo is a perfect representation of how this system of social inequality affects the blacks of South Africa. He went from a kid of Johannesburg, son of the preacher, Stephen Kumalo, to a criminal fighting to have more by stealing to provide for his family in a better way than what he is entitled to given the white minority rule. For some of the whites this benefit was disgusting and they would help the blacks or fight along side the blacks trying to make a change. We are now among times in which South African has black leaders running for offices of power, just as we in America had our first black president in 2008, South Africa had their first black president in 1994, Nelson Mandela.
In order to keep the white minority group above the majority blacks/ natives of South Africa they must set a system that keeps them from losing power, his system being social inequality or Apartheid. The resources in the society are unevenly distributed to benefit the white minority group in few different ways. the first ways is first labeling the people as to distribute the inequality to the liking of the white minority. The whites then have and control most if not nearly all off the money. With money comes the ability to receive better education, health care, and other services. In order to keep a division in place you make better institutions for whites and make it so that only the whites can afford it and give the run down institutions to the blacks. By controlling by this most of the money you, the white minority, also control the businesses etc. and allow for little if any representation for he blacks and natives (also known as the glass ceiling) because only you, the white minority, can afford them, thus controlling the pay of the blacks/ natives and keeping them in the lowers of the hierarchy. With this poverty putting the blacks and natives at a high disadvantage in the society they are forced into a sense of survival mode and if they want to move up they are forced to commit criminal acts that would pay/give them more. This continues to put them in run down situations and puts the whole society in a system of fear. The system of fear is that the blacks fear of the rundowns they are forced to live in and of the people in charge of running the government hey must live under. The whites fear for their lives and property because the system they set causes them to become victims at the expense of the blacks trying to move up in the society they set. The white minority was trying to set themselves at the top of the system and benefit themselves at the expense of the blacks and natives of South African and in the end didn't realize they were placing a target on themselves in the process
Society has always categorized its people and has built this sense of hierarchy of what categories are more desirable. With this need to rank the groups comes an unequal distribution of power that society continues to deny. Because the white men placed themselves at the top of the pyramid and they set the rules for all groups "below" them, they know first hand that the bottom is the worst place to be because they made it that way. If we are truly equal then why would being at the "bottom" matter? A more important question would be who should lead in a society where the majority of the population are of a certain group? The obvious answer should be: mostly people of that group that can represent the population as accurately as possible. But in South Africa that answer wasn't as obvious. The whites were afraid of being the minority in the society and created what is called apartheid, or white minority rule, to segregate the groups of races and keep purity in the white group. They wanted desperately to maintain power despite giving the short end of the stick to the natives of the land because they we afraid of how they would be treated as a minority.