There are many types of solar eclipses. There is a total partial eclipse where the moon partially blocks the sun Then there is an annular eclipse where the moon is exactly aligned but the moon appears smaller. Finally there is a total eclipse where the moon totally covers the sun.
During a solar eclipse it is important to not look at the sun as the powerful rays could blind you or damage your eyes permanently. Also to safely view it you will need special solar filtered glasses. There are other ways to see the eclipse safely without damaging your eyes such as using a box aluminum and a paper.
In a year there are at least 2 solar eclipses in a year. The maximum number of solar eclipses in a year are 5 but that is super rare, the last time that happened was in 1935 and the next time it will be in 2206. Also the first solar eclipse ever recorded in history was on May,3 1375 BCE which was recorded on clay tablets by the ancient Babylonians.
This is a picture of a solar eclipse. A solar eclipse is when the moon passes in between the sun and the earth and covers the sun for a short amount of time. If you plan to see it you must have protective eye wear because staring at the sun for a long amount of time can cause severe eye damage or blindness.