In Sparta, two kings would rule the city. To make sure these two kings were not two powerful, there was a 28 member group called the Council of Elders. All of these people were elected by the wealthy people. Sparta also had a social order. At the top was the Spartiates who were warriors. In the middle was the Perioeci who were artisans and farmers that the Spartans conquered. At the bottom was the Helots who were slaves.
Sparta is used for agriculture today. They are know for their olives. Sparta has a very low population of 18,000. There is still ancient ruins in Sparta from the ancient civilization. Sparta would be a very cool place to visit because there is ruins and there is tree-lined streets.
There were many amazing weapons the Spartans used such as the sword called a Xiphos that is basically a short sword with usually wood handles and a silver blade. Additionally there were Kopides (in the picture above) which were short curved swords with only one edge, unlike other swords. The Spartans would wield this weapon in only one hand. Additionally, there were javelins, Dorys (which were basically spears) and a shield or weapon called an apsis. The apsis was a shield with a small blade equipped on the inside.
The ancient Spartans lived the strict life. The men were trained from when they were taken from their families at age 7 to be warriors until they were not able to serve in the army anymore. Young boys were taken to the sanctuary of Artemis Orthia to be beat or tortured to show toughness and endurance. The Spartan girls were also physically trained to be tough but their job was to have healthy babies that would grow up to be in the army, but they also received an education.
This is an Apsis. An Apsis is a shield from Sparta that doubles as a weapon, as it has a small sword inside. The apsis was used for protection and, if a Spartan's main weapon was taken or knocked away, they could use the blade tied to the inside as a weapon.
This is a photo of King Leonidas. King Leonidas was the guy who Sparta kicked the messenger into the hole in the movie 300 directed by Zack Snyder. This event did not happen in real life. King Leonidas was one of the two kings at one point in time.
This is a sketch of what the Sanctuary might have looked like. When men were young they were taken here and whipped and tortured to test endurance and strength in front of a crowd. If the boy did not pass the Spartan standards they would most likely have to go through training again, except way harder.
This is a photo of Spartan helmet. Spartan helmets were made of bronze. bronze is very strong and protected them in battle.