The most famous battle Sparta had fought in was the Battle of Thermopylae. At the time, Leonidas was king. Darius, king of Persia, had invaded Greece and wanted to take revenge from the Athenian victory from the Battle of Marathon. Darius wasn’t able to launched war, before he died and Xerxes took over. Xerxes had built his army to around 150,000 men and 600 ships and now was ready for the Battle of Thermopylae. Though, an oracle reading had said that Leonidas would lose the battle. Leonidas selected only men with living sons to fight, so that the men could carry on the family line. The battle lasted 3 days on which the third, Leonidas and the soldiers that stood with him were all killed. This battle demonstrated the courage of a small number of warriors who stood their ground until the bitter end against the larger opponent.
Sparta, was a thriving farming state, so the Spartan family home was simple and basic. Usually, a Spartan home was made of sun dried mud bricks, with red clay roof tiles. Because of the hot sun rays in Greece, the homes were often painted white to reflect the heat and keep the property as cool as possible. It was quite common that the Spartan homes were single stories, but they could also be two stories as well.
Sparta, was an ancient Greek city-state, which is in present day Laconia. Sparta, consisted mainly of three groups: the Spartans (full citizens of Sparta), Helots (the slaves), and Perioeci, also known as the “dwellers-around” because they were neither citizen nor slave. Perioeci were usually craftsmen and traders, who built weapons and tools for Sparta. An average Spartan man would attend a state-sponsored education system, also known as the Agoge, which emphasized endurance, obedience, self-control, and courage. They devoted their lives to Sparta, and loyalty was more important than family. Helots, were Greeks were from Laconia and Messenia who have been conquered by the Spartans. The Helots were the one that did day-to-day tasks and unskilled labor that required society to keep functioning. Their jobs may have been farmers, domestic servants, nurses, and military attendants.
Math and science weren’t common subjects in Sparta because they focused mostly on other subjects and skills. However, math and science were focused on throughout the rest of ancient Greece. Aristotle was not only a great philosopher, but he was also a great scientist. He worked on observing plants and animals. Another scientist/mathematics and philosopher was Pythagoras. Pythagoras is called the first “true” mathematician because it is sometimes claimed that we owe pure mathematics to him. The only known Spartan innovation is the Scytale.
The most famous battle Sparta has ever been in was the Battle of Thermopylae.
This is an example of the Spartan home. Of course, it is a ruin now.
This is a picture of what Sparta looked like.
This is a Spartan tool that was used in mathematics and science.