In this below-sea-level basin, steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Yet, each extreme has a striking contrast. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Death Valley is a national hotspot located in the state of California. Death Valley is one of the hottest places in the world in the peaks of summer time reaching temperatures up to 57 degrees Celsius.
Native Americans have lived in Death Valley since the end of the Ice Age, evolving and changing in many ways. This picture shows the pioneers arriving in Death Valley, CA, when then they first encountered the Timbisha Shoshone tribe. This started the Timbisha Shoshone’s “ fight for their homeland” which went on for many years. One of the mining companies that originally set up in Death Valley, developed the park for tourism. More recently Death Valley has become a national park and the Timbisha Shoshone tribe has been recognized properly, though they continue to struggle for rights and face many challenges.
The Western Shoshone Flag song was created not too long ago in 1997. It represents language by being sung in the Timbisha Shoshone’s native language Panamint. The song is sung by Judy Trejo a Shoshone native, and the song represents all Shoshone tribes and their history. From this item, we can infer that the Timbisha Shoshone’s native language Panamint is very important to them and still apart of their culture through their music. Even recently their native language lives on and is being supported, for this song is not that old.
This is a video of the western Shoshone people singing and doing the “Round Dance.” The “Round Dance” was a big part of their ceremonies which were held when food was plentiful. It was done by both men and women. The dance was also performed as a part of the Mourning Ceremony, which was held once a year for the people who died in their tribe last year.
The fancy shawl dance was originally designed for men, then more recently in 1950 the dance was opened up to woman too. This video was taken at the 2013 Elko powwow, the Elko are part of the Western Shoshone tribes. This particular kind of dance is mostly found at fandangos, a get together, similar to a powwow. This unique dance is competitive and requires a lot of skill, several different age groups participate and all agree that it is fun. I chose this item to represent music and dance because they are dancing to native music as the dance competition takes place.
This is a picture of where the Western Shoshone people lived before they came to live in reservations.The Eastern and Northern lived in teepees which were pretty portable and could be broken down quickly because they moved very frequently to gather food. However, the Western Shoshone people didn't do much hunting so they built less portable homes called wickiups.
A dark gray dress with a tan and red lining, most likely used as a ceremonial dress for woman. This article of clothing belongs to the Western Shoshone tribe. It was created in 1915 and found in 1924. This item, tells us that the Western Shoshone, or more specifically the Timbisha Shoshone, honored the proper dress for ceremonies, and that the ceremonies are important to the tribe.
The article is about a Timbisha Shoshone native, Pauline Esteves, being interviewed about her tribe’s history and what life is like for them today. In the interview she mentions, that there are around 125 native Timbisha Shoshone that live off of the reservation and about 50 who stay at the reservation at certain times of the year. She finds it sad that at the time, in 2001, not even half of the tribe was living on their homeland. This tells us how few Native Americans are recognized or know of their history today. "All our culture, all our songs, and our language, is about the land. They say we Timbisha do not need anything to lean on, that we just are here. We exist." Pauline Esteves, talking about what her tribe was like and is still like today.