1.I thought that this quote depicted what "otherness" is very well because it exclaims that "The second member is but the other of the first, the opposite". This quote tells about how that in order to have otherness there needs to be opposites such as man and woman, stranger and native, enemy and friend and much more. When someone is being othered it can be one pesron to another or a group against a group. 2, In To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee those being othered are the opposite of those othering. For example although Jem loves Scout he and Dill other her for being a girl. Jem tells Scout how she thinks to much like a girl. The only way Jem could do this is because he is opposite of Scout because he is a boy therefore there is a difference which allows Jem to be able to other Scout. Without some sort of opposite or difference othering could not occur. Bauman states that "abnormality is the other of norm', which roughly means that those being othered are the opposite of normal. But if everyone's different what is normal? Therefore isn't everyone constantly being othered? How do we put an end to othering if everyone is different? One way to overcome the act of othering is by looking at everyone's similarities for example we are all human. Maybe in order to put an end to othering we need to focus more on comparing and overall just loving and accepting everyone.
1,This essay by Sara Rismyhr Engelund, grasps the concept of “the Other”and tries to pinpoints exactly what it means. In this essay/article Sara talks about how power effects who is being othered. Sara shares with the reader that the people in power are usually the ones doing the othering while the people below them are the ones being othered. She states "When we start describing ourselves as part of a group of people united in a “we”, while other people are constructed as fundamentally different, united in a “they"'.(Engelund) The people in the "we" position are different from those in the "they" position and somehow think that they are better than the "they" in some way. 2. People can be othered for various things that lead up to who is in the most power or who is more powerful. Sara talks about how even though some othering is not right out and obvious it is still there and can have a negative impact. She talks about how in same sex marriages people are getting more opportunity to love one another freely yet are still looked at as the "poor gay people". People sympathizing towards gay people although is not rude it is still a form of othering. All they want is to be looked as is just a regular human but by labeling them as "poor" its making it seem like being gay is a burden. Sara states that the wolrd labels two groups, there are there are '“people”, the basis, and there are gay people, black people or people of color, poor people – people with a little add-on to distinguish them from the “default” person". When Sara brings up the power aspect of othering it really changes the way you look at it. 3. In To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee those who are "othered" such as Tom Robbinson and Boo Radley are looked at as less than in some way. Those who are othering Tom believe they have more power than him because they think that those who are black are less than. The people who other Boo Radley believe that he comes from a sad life in a run down house so they are superior to him in some way. 4. Those who commit othering seem to have some sort of power that the one being othered does not obtain. So that makes you think what is this power and how did this person obtain it in the first place? and why do we continue to let these people do what they do? Power usually means someone has something more than someone else. Maybe we fear those who are othering because they have more of something such as money, happiness, popularity etc. Overall I think in order to stand up to those who are othering we must not be scared and believe in loving and caring for everyone to overcome the negativity and hate in the world.
1. While this article has a great written work about othering I choose it mainly for the visual picture. The article itself talks about who is being othered and it even states some books that include the topic of being othered. I choose the picture because although it may seem like a simple drawing if you think about it, it actually has a deeper meaning. Although the apple and orange are two different fruits, as the orange states they are both fruit. This relates to othering because we are all human and even though we all have our differences in the end we all remain the same, human. No matter what color, shape, size, or whatever makes you unique that will take away the fact that you are a human. So why do we treat each other differently? 2. Othering occurs when someone believes someone else is different. But who said being different was a bad thing? Is there such thing as being othered in a good way? If someone marks you as different what is that really saying about you? As humans we should embarrass our differences just like in To Kill a Mockingbird the "others" in maycomb who are being othered because of their skin, or the way they act, or the things they do, such as Tom Robinson and Boo Radley. In the end we find out that Tom Robinson and Boo Radley are actually two great, kind people but they were looked at as bad. Tom was othered for his skin color and Boo was othered because he was seen as bad and stayed inside all day. 3. I think that there are two types of othering, bad othering and good othering. Bad othering is when you are looked at in a negative light where as good othering is when your praised for being different. So as humans we try to be unique, and different, but then we are looked at as weird. Where as if you try to be like everyone else your "basic" it seems that no matter what we do we will always be othered in some way. So that leaves the question will society ever stop othering? It hasn't stopped since the 1930's but can we put an end to the act of shaming other people for being different?
1. This article demonstrates the message that rapid social change causes all humans anxiety – but our response to this need not be negative, despite the best efforts of our politicians and media. It speaks of the topic about what othering is and how and who is being othered. The article talks mostly about how political society affects the act of othering and how this act downgrades certain people. The article states that "The language being used by many national leaders not only activates people’s anxiety and fear around a perceived Other, it creates new processes of exclusion and dehumanisation." It shows how othering can effect those who are in the position of the "other" and what the effect the people who are othering have on society. The article also states that "The opposite of Othering is not “saming”, it is belonging. And belonging does not insist that we are all the same. It means we recognise and celebrate our differences, in a society where “we the people” includes all the people." 2. Just like in To Kill a Mockingbird it seems that people who are being othered are frightening. In To Kill a Mockingbird the characters who are looked at as others, during that time period, are the black community. People not only look at them as different but they see them in a fearful manor. It is looked at as if, if you associate with the other, bad things will happen to you when in reality because your not associating with the other you are the one who is causing bad things to happen to them in the first place. 3. Although who is being othered has changed over time the same concept remains, that the "other" is a scary thing that you don't want to be associated with. I like this article because it explains how we can stop the act of othering and accept others because "we the people" should include all the people.