The narration in which a piece of literature is spoken through is always used throughout literature. Without a direct point of view, it is IMPOSSIBLE to see who the story is told through. This allows point of view to fall as #1 in the top 7 literary devices used in literature. Whether the point of view is in first person, third person limited or omniscient, the point of view will ultimately carry the novel or text you are reading in a specific direction. The direction the text goes cannot truly be grasped without knowing the point of view. Every single piece of literature has a point of view - it is up to you to find it. In this article you will undergo a deep analysis of what point of view is and how it is used in fiction texts.
Irony tends to appear in literature very often. Situational and dramatic irony can bring a deeper understanding to the surface of the text. Irony takes up the #2 spot in the top 7 literary devices in literature because it forces readers to stop and dissect what they are reading. This device is a little less significant than point of view, but is still a important factor in literature. In Lord of the Flies for example, Jack baffles on about the importance of obeying rules and not turning into savages in the beginning of the novel, consequently at the end of the novel nearly everyone turns savage. A little bit ironic, don't you think? Irony can sometimes be hard to pick up on, but once you can pinpoint it, literature can be unrivaled to you in a different light. Click on this link and experience a breakdown of what irony truly is and what it's not.
"Wow it's raining cats and dogs!.." Hyperbole occurs in literature as much as it does in everyday life. Authors sometimes exaggerate over a certain topic to clearly convey something or engage the reader in the text. We are surrounded by hyperbole on a daily basis which makes it blend in with literature. The ability of hyperbole to capture the readers attention allows it to take up the #3 spot on the top 7 literary devices chart. I placed hyperbole in the #3 spot because it makes literature pop in its own unique way. This "pop" I am referring to does not give literature as much depth and texture as point of view and irony does which is why it is placed it third. It still is a dominant literary device that adds drama and comedy to a piece of literature. The link above will provide a full definition along with examples of hyperbole.
The human senses are extremely important. Sight, smell, sound, taste and touch collectively can enhance you're literary experience. Imagery helps readers become engrossed within a story by their senses. There are several different types of imagery including tactile, gustatory, olfactory, visual and auditory. A author might describe a pineapple as tasty, but a author attempting to use gustatory imagery might say the pineapple is mouthwatering filled with above average sweetness. The complex and descriptive words will attract the readers attention and give them a reason to taste that pineapple that they are reading about. Imagery falls at #4 on the list because of its overreaching ability to clutch readers senses in its palms. I feel that imagery is less likely to occur than the past 3 literary devices which adds to its placement in this curation.
This literary device can lead your mind into a spiral of predictions. Foreshadowing is a very important literary device. The clues and hints that builds up to the a certain event makes some pieces of literature suspenseful. Bad foreshadowing can have a negative effect on the suspense and understanding of the plot which is the reason why foreshadow falls at #5. In the short story "Death of a Salesman", Arthur Millen uses a flashback to relate Willy Loman's memories of the past. This is just one example of the millions that appear in literature. The web page above offers a distinctive overview of what foreshadowing is in literature.
A flashback allows readers to grasp a vivid picture of events that occurred in the past. Although Flashback is a powerful literary device, it barrels in at #6 because it can pull you away from plot and make you lose tension of whats actually going on. Flashback is used in many pieces of literature, but it is not always present which is another reason why I placed it last in this curation. Sometimes the author may give a flashback to help with understanding the plot. The literary device is still powerful in literature and solidly holds down the #6 spot. This link gives a clear description and examples of what flashback is.