This article is about learning how to study with Spaced Practice. Spaced Practice is the exact opposite of cramming. Instead of trying to study everything in one night, you use the same amount of time studying but spread it out into multiple days. Doing this can produce longer lasting learning than shoving 5 hours of cramming into one night rather than studying an hour each night for 5 days. Recently, I tested this strategy and discovered that it works for me. I am a student that puts everything off until the last minute and ends up staying up until 2 in the morning. So, I tested this strategy by instead of doing all my homework as late as possible, i completed all my assignments the day it was assigned. I found that this worked because I was least stressed the day before and i had more time to study my notes. I rate this strategy a 5 out of 5.
This article is about using Dual Coding. Dual Coding is the process of combining verbal materials with visual materials. To study with Dual Coding, look over your class notes or material and find visuals that match the verbal content. For example, if you are taking notes on World War ll, you know that during that time Germany gave Austria a blank check, so by those notes you could draw a picture of a piece of paper with money signs on it. So every time, you think of that you refer it with money. I use this strategy with vocab words all the time. When i see a definition of a word i try to think of something that reminds me of that definition and refer it to that vocab word. This helps me a lot with tests when a vocab word comes up and that's how i memorize my vocab words. I rate this strategy a 4 out of 5.
Chunking is a strategy used to help memorize things by grouping information. For example, if you have a list of grocery items you might want to organize them into Dairy, Produce, Frozen Foods, Bakery, Vegetables, etc. So, instead of trying to remember a random group of products, you can use Chunking to organize them into an easier way to memorize. Last week in one of my classes, I tried the Chunking strategy with a group of words and tried to memorize them in 90 seconds and I memorized all of them compared to a list of 25 words and only remembered 15. So for me, Chunking benefits my studying. I would rate this strategy a 4 out of 5.
Elaboration is a strategy to help you remember meaningful information. The idea behind the strategy is that relevant prior knowledge is not always readily activated when you are trying to learn new information. The strategy requires you to go beyond the information given to you and to construct reasons for the relationships between bits of information. For example, if you are given information you can construct questions to ask yourself to deepen the studying. I used this strategy before a unit test and it worked very well for me. I would rate this strategy 3 out of 5.
The purpose to study with the Interleaving strategy is to switch into different ideas as you study. For example, if you need to study for a big test coming up, instead of studying one topic, switch topics every so often. Studies show, changing the study topic, will help memorization in the long run instead of spending all your study time on one topic. This strategy often works for math. I used this method for my math homework and it worked a lot because it made me think of what strategy would work better. I ended up getting most of the questions right compared to other homework where i get close to nothing right.