Retrieval practice is drawing information to your head without the use of materials. I have tested the retrieval practice method for the past couple weeks in my musical theatre class. Instead of taking out my notes to study for a test, I try to think of the material on my own. I enjoy using this method because it forces you to make strong connections in your brain. The article reinforces my idea of making strong connections via this practice. According to the article, "As a student thinks, recalls, revises, and connects, his brain is building and strengthening its memories. This is what students should do when they study: retrieve the information, not just to check their learning, but also to strengthen it."
Spaced Practice is a learning strategy, where practice is broken up into a number of short session. I have used spaced practice in academics to study for my tests, specifically in chemistry. We had to memorize 40 chemical symbols and because I used spaced practice, I got a 100% on the test. The article states, " Even when the total time spent on studying or practice is equated, if the review(s) is/are spaced apart rather than massed, long-term learning is enhanced."
Mnemonics are memory devices that help learners recall larger pieces of information, especially in the form of lists like characteristics, steps, stages, parts, and phases. One famous mnemonic is "ROYGBIV" to remember the colors of the rainbow. One mnemonic that really helped me is "Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally" to remember the order of operations in math. The articles dives deeper into the origin of mnemonics, for example " We knew back in 1967 from a study by Gerald R. Miller that mnemonics increased recall. He found that students who regularly used mnemonic devices increased test scores up to 77%."
Chunking is learning lists of content into small manageable units making the information easier to process. I have tested the chunking method by memorizing two lists of words just normally first, then by using chunking. I memorized the second list easier because of the chunking technique. According to the article, "There are several steps to the chunking process. The number of steps you use will depend on the type information you are chunking: Break larger amounts of information into smaller units, Identify similarities or patterns, Organize the information, Group information into manageable units.
Elaborative Rehearsal is relating information to things you already know. I have used elaborative rehearsal to memorize chemistry symbols. I know that sodium is bad for you, so to remember the symbol for sodium (Na) I think "is sodium good for you?" "Na". According to the article, "this method is much more effective because it involves thinking about the meaning of the information and connecting it to other information I already have store in my long-term memory."